29 April 2002 00:00 [Source: ICB Americas]
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April 29, 2002
|Astaris, Carteret, N.J.||
|Prayon, Augusta, Ga.||
|Rhodia, Cincinnati, Ohio||
Historical (1996-2001): 1.4 percent per year; Future: 1.3 percent per year through 2005.
Historical (1996-2001): High, $82.50 per cwt., list, bgs., c.l., t.l., works, E., frt. equald.; low, $78.50, same basis. Current: $79.00, same basis.
Industrial and institutional cleaners, 47 percent; water treatment, 40 percent; dentifrice, 5 percent; consumer cleaners, 4 percent; miscellaneous, including drilling fluids, elastomers, paints and pigments, papermaking and plating baths, 4 percent.
The most dominant potassium phosphate used for water treatment is TKPP. Closed circuit water treatment formulations accounted for 40 percent of TKPP consumption last year. This application has grown at better than 6 percent per year since 1990 and continues to be TKPP's strongest segment, presently growing at 3.4 percent per year. However, TKPP's growth is mitigated by polymeric water treatments in an effort to limit phosphate discharge into the environment. Potassium phosphates have higher water solubility than their corresponding sodium salts. Thus, they are useful where solids precipitation is to be avoided. But, phosphates are more expensive than the sodium salts, so sodium phosphates compete against potassium phosphates on price.
The use of TKPP as a detergent builder in industrial and institutional cleaners and consumer cleaners accounts for 51 percent of the consumption. These applications have been in a slow but steady decline since the mid-1980s, and though stable today, they are considered to be no growth areas.
The TKPP business has been completely transformed by plant rationalizations in the 1990s followed by ownership changes in 2000. The restructuring has realigned the US TKPP business with players that are more competitive, operating globally. The result is a strengthened industrial phosphate sector that will better weather the slow growth ahead. Projected demand is 1.3 percent per year through 2005.
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