TIMELINE: Major global chemical disasters

12 December 2005 16:43  [Source: ICIS news]

Explosion at Formosa Plastics Point Comfort site13 November 2005 - Explosions at Jilin Petrochemical’s aniline plant, which killed 5 workers, resulted in the leakage of 100 tonne of aniline, benzene and nitrobenzene into the 1,850km Songhua river, a main water source to millions living in Heilongjiang in north eastern China.   

23 March 2005 – Explosion and fire hits BP’s Texas City refinery killing 15 contract workers and injuring more than 170 people. BP attributed the explosion to a series of mistakes by its personnel before and during the start-up of an isomerisation process unit.

 

25 February 2005 – Petrochemical plant of Jiangsu Tianyin Chemical Industry in Jiangsu province, eastern China, suffers an explosion which kills five and injures 11 workers.

 

1 September 2004 – An ethylene unit at Sasol’s synthetic fuel facility at Secunda, South Africa, is hit by an explosion which kills 10 workers.

 

25 May 2004 – A truck carrying ammonium nitrate overturns and explodes in Mihailesti, eastern Romania. Sixteen people died and a further 11 were injured.

 

11 May 2004 – An explosion at Stockline Plastics' factory in the Maryhill district of Glasgow, UK, claimed nine lives and caused injuries to over 40 people.

 

23 April 2004 - Formosa Plastic USA's polyvinyl chloride plant in central Illinois, US, suffered an explosion killing five workers and hospitalising a further five.

 

19 January 2004 - A boiler blast causes fatal explosions at three liquefied natural gas storage tanks at Algerian energy and chemicals group Sonatrach’s Skikda complex killing 30 people and injuring 70.

 

14 October 2003 – An explosion at the Gujarat Narmada Valley Fertilisers  nitrophosphate production complex at Narmadanagar, India, kills vive workers and injures 30 others.

 

21 September 2001 An explosion in a storage hangar in which 300 tonne of ammonium nitrate granules were stored for recycling at Atofina’s Grande Paroisse fertiliser plant in Toulouse in southwest France kills 30 people and injures 200 more.

 

3 December 1984 – A leak of 27 tonne of methyl isocyanate from Union Carbide India’s Bhopal pesticides plant kills around 7,000 people and injures a further 20,000.

 

10 July 1976 – Several kilograms of dioxin leaked from the manufacturing plant of Roche affiliate Icmesa in Seveso, northern Italy, and spread over a wide area. No one was killed directly by the leakage but there were concerns for the long term health of those affected. 

 

7 November 1975 - A pipe fracture at DSM’s naphtha cracker undergoing start-up at Beek in the Netherlands, caused an estimated three to five tonne of hydrocarbons, mainly propylene, leakage. The explosion resulting from its ignition killed 14 and injured 107.

 

19 July 1974 – An explosion resulting from the ignition of leaked isobutene in a railyard in Decatur, Illinois, US, kills seven workers and injures 107.

 

1 June 1974 – Cyclohexane leak at Nypro UK’s Flixborough, UK, plant caused an explosion which killed 28 workers and injured 36.

 

10 February 1973 - Workers in a Staten Island plant suspecting a leak empty an LNG tank and find tears in its Mylar lining. During repairs, vapours from a cleaning solvent ignite causing a fire that blows off the roof which then falls back. Forty workers inside the tank are killed.


By: Staff Reporter
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