20 October 2010 07:35 [Source: ICIS news]
By Fanny Zhang
The People’s Bank of China (PBoC) announced late on Tuesday that it would raise its one-year lending rate by 25 basis points to 5.56% effective 20 October, after keeping interest rates steady for nearly three years.
Commodity prices immediately reacted Tuesday night, with crude shedding more than $3/bbl overnight or 4.32% to below $80/bbl, the biggest decline it had in eight months.
At noon, NYMEX crude was slightly up at $80.10/bbl (€58.47/tonne).
Trades in most petrochemical products were conspicuously slow on Wednesday as market players digested
“It is only a 25 basis points increase in interest rate, and the market is over-reacting with crude and natural rubber futures falling,” said a Chinese styrene butadiene rubber (SBR) producer.
SBR prices in the Shanghai Futures Exchange declined by more than yuan (CNY) 1,000/tonne ($150/tonne) to around CNY 31,000/tonne on Wednesday.
At the Dalian Commodity Exchange (DCE), meanwhile, linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) futures for November delivery declined by CNY185/tonne on Wednesday morning to CNY10,870/tonne.
“This is a usual reaction as capitals are tightening, buyers are prudent and would not like to act at this sensitive moment,” the trader said.
Some market players, however, said that these were just knee-jerk reactions that may soon wane.
Crude’s decline due to
“They (Chinese MTBE buyers) couldn’t afford it when crude was above $83/bbl. But they have the appetite to import more MTBE,” one trader said.
Demand for the octane booster was strong due to a shortage of high octane gasoline, as most refineries in
“They have the demand. So they have been waiting for this day for a long time,” said a trader, referring to weaker crude futures.
Further downstream, caprolactam traders retreated to the sidelines upon news of the interest rate hike.
“The market went all quiet today, and would likely to remain so for the rest of the week,” a trader said.
Rising inflation and concerns about possible overheating of the Chinese economy had prompted the sudden hike in interest rates, analysts said.
“Keep in mind, the growth momentum in
Containing the risk of the excess funds creating asset bubbles and fuelling continued spikes in consumer prices requires a direct action from the central bank, analysts said.
Higher interest rates, however, have a dampening effect on growth.
“This rate hike is a confirmation that a policy consensus is reached to tolerate lower growth as it is taking place at a time when GDP growth is obviously decelerating,” said Jun Ma, Hong Kong-based chief economist at Deutsche Bank.
Ma said he expects
($1 = €0.73 / $1 = CNY6.65)
With additional reporting by Felicia Loo, Dolly Wu and James Dennis, Helen Yan, Pearl Bantillo and Junie Lin
|ICIS news FREE TRIAL|
|Get access to breaking chemical news as it happens.|
|ICIS Global Petrochemical Index (IPEX)|
Asian Chemical Connections