17 July 2012 17:31 [Source: ICIS news]
LONDON (ICIS)--BP unveiled three new advanced biofuels on Tuesday which will be trialled in 100 vehicles in the official Olympic fleet.
The biofuels are cellulosic ethanol, biobutanol and sugar-to-diesel.
BP’s cellulosic ethanol is produced from high-yielding perennial energy grasses which can be grown on low-grade land, thus reducing impact of global food prices, according to the ?xml:namespace>
It’s rational, when wanting to make renewable fuels, that you do so in the lowest cost way possible, which should deter you from using high value, arable land,” said Philip New, CEO of BP Biofuels.
“These perennial grasses grow best in places deserted by food agriculture, therefore minimising any conflict with other commodity cycles,” he added.
Perennial energy grasses can produce between three or four times the amount of ethanol per acre than other crops like corn, while storing carbon in the soil to reduce emissions.
Biobutanol is a “real game changer”, BP said, as it is suitable for use within the current infrastructure of pipelines, refineries and engines.
Furthermore, it can be blended at higher concentrations than ethanol, with a gasoline blend of 24% biobutanol.
BP’s sugar-to-diesel fuel is produced from sustainable plant sources, such as sugarcane and energy grasses, and could potentially deliver in excess of 60% carbon reduction when compared with fossil fuels.
BP has invested around $2billion in biofuels research, development and operations since 2006 in response to increasing energy demand and the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
“These breakthrough technologies will redefine biofuels. By incorporating them in the fuels for London 2012 [the London Olympics] we have taken the next generation of biofuels from the laboratory to the road,” New said.
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