12 June 2013 04:18 [Source: ICIS news]
By Heng Hui
SINGAPORE (ICIS)--Asia looks set to attract more deep-sea flows of methylene chloride, as demand in the region is relatively stable compared with declining consumption in Europe and the US, raising concerns of a possible supply glut, market sources said on Wednesday.
Methylene chloride has its biggest application in paint stripping and removers, and adhesions, which together account for half of its total consumption in Asia, industry sources said.
Other applications include as propellant in aerosols, solvent in pharmaceuticals and drugs, metal cleaning and finishing solvent, urethane foam blowing and as a reaction solvent for producing polycarbonate resin and photography film.
Consumption of the chemical in Asia was at around 1.5-2m tonnes/year according to market observers and is expected to remain stable to firm, backed by the region’s economic growth compared with its western counterparts, with the US still struggling to recover and the eurozone in recession.
India is the biggest importer of methylene chloride in Asia, with consumption estimated at around 165,000 tonnes last year.
About 20% of the total was imported, mostly from Europe and the US, a document from the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Directorate General of Antidumping said on 4 April 2013.
But a threat of antidumping duty on imports hangs over the market, with domestic Indian producers complaining that European and US producers are selling methylene chloride at below production cost, they said.
Whether India will re-impose ADDs on methylene chloride remains uncertain, but the possibility of a trade barrier being imposed is weighing on the market, market sources said.
Previous ADDs on the material were rescinded in 2005, industry sources said.
India buys in bulk of around 200-1,000 tonnes/order, while other countries import methylene chloride in drums of around 200 kg/order.
Southeast Asia’s and Africa’s methylene chloride import needs, on the other hand, are being met by producers in the northeastern part of the region, with China as a major exporter.
Demand within EU has declined in recent years, with the ban on methylene chloride-based paint strippers set in place in December 2010 because of the chemical’s high toxicity, thus increasing the availability of spot cargoes that can be sold to Asia, industry sources said.
With more cargoes likely heading into Asia, industry players raised concerns about creating a glut that will push prices lower in this region.
Methylene chloride prices in Asia are already being weighed down by declining prices of feedstock chlorine, which is a by-product of caustic soda.
Chinese chlorine prices were slated to fall due to a supply overhang caused by overcapacity in the country, a market observer said.
Chinese chlorine prices were down by yuan (CNY) 100/tonne ($16/tonne) at CNY600-800/tonne EXWH in Shandong when last assessed on Friday 7 June.
In Jiangsu, chloride prices were stable at CNY600-650/tonne EXWH.
Outside of China, chlorine output is channelled to integrated downstream production whereas in China there are stand-alone methylene chloride producers as well.
In China, methylene chloride facilities are running at barely half their capacity given current oversupply and weak demand, industry sources said.
($1 = CNY6.14)
Read John Richardson and Malini Hariharan’s blog – Asian Chemical Connections
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