A fight to the finish

By Malini Hariharan (Malini is now joint blogger for Asian Chemical Connections)

The Indian government has announced 17 November as the date for a public hearing to discuss the provisional anti dumping duties that it had imposed in June on imports of polypropylene (PP) from Saudi Arabia, Singapore and Oman.

The hearing will give a chance to all affected parties to present their case. Such hearings are usually a formality and do affect the end result which is a confirmation of the provisional duties.

But I have been told that it may be different this time as the Saudis, led by Sabic, are likely to put up a spirited defense. The Saudis have been busy pulling lots of government strings for the duties to be revoked.

Sabic and Advanced Polypropylene were hit the hardest – duties on their PP exports range from $440-$820/tonne. I was told that one of the reasons for the high level of duties was ‘the lack of cooperation in sharing data’ when the Indian government had sent its questionnaire earlier in the year. However, this attitude appears to have changed.

There’s a lot at stake here and this is why the 17 November hearing is crucial. India is already in surplus and looks likely to be in this position for the next couple of years. So there’s every reason for Indian PP producers, Reliance Industries and Haldia Petrochemicals, to check competition. On the other hand, many Indian processors are unhappy as the duties would force them to rely on local supply.

For the Saudis, and also other Middle Eastern producers, India is not such a big market for PP. But the ADD threat is a worrying global trend that they want to ensure does not take off.

Besides India, China is investigating methanol and 1,4-butanediol (BDO) imports from Saudi Arabia. And the European Union (EU) is investigating on polyethylene terephthalate (PET) imports from United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Iran.

The growing protectionist measures have provoked a long chain of protests with the most recent one being in October by the Gulf Petrochemicals and Chemicals Association (GPCA).
The GPCA Secretary General Dr. Abdulwahab Al-Sadoun has said that the association will strengthen coordination with Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Governments to ensure that exports of petrochemicals and chemicals from the Gulf region are not restricted by anti-dumping regulations and other trade restrictions
“The GCC industry and our governments will not accept the application of anti-dumping regulations against exports of petrochemicals and chemicals from the Gulf. We have seen a surge in protectionist actions brought by countries to block imports. These cases are baseless and violate international rules,” he said.
The investigations may not sound fair to GCC producers but they face an uphill task in convincing the Indian and Chinese governments to ease protection to local producers. A lot will depend on what the GCC governments can offer or withhold.

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