As the G8 summit heats up in Italy, the WWF in partnership with German financial firm Allianz put out their G8 climate scorecard which ranks G8 countries based on how they addressed climate change issues.
The report showed Germany, followed by the UK and France, as performing better than the rest of the rich nations’ group. Italy and Japan are in a lower medium ranked group. Canada, the USA and Russia are lagging behind, said WWF, despite the USA moving up one rank.
The G8 Climate Scorecards 2009 measure countries’ performance and trends in areas such as development of greenhouse gas emissions since 1990, the distance to their Kyoto-targets, their share of renewable energies and the efficiency of their climate policies.
The evaluation is said to be based on their progress and improvement made since 1990. WWF said they are looking at the current status of emissions and the countries’ intended policies for the future.
“Industrialized countries as a group should commit to binding absolute emission reduction targets at 40 % below 1990 levels by 2020, the vast majority of these being achieved domestically (30-35 %). They should also commit to put in place Zero Carbon Action Plans (ZCAPs) to achieve zero net emissions (at least -95 %)by 2050.”
Canada is said to have scored the lowest of all G8 countries as their total emissions
steadily increased and are far above the Kyoto target. Their per capita emissions are reportedly among the highest in the world.
More about the report on this video:
With regards to the emerging G5 nations (South Africa, Mexico, China, India, Brazil), all countries are said to have presented or are preparing national strategies to reduce emissions in the future.
China and India reportedly have substantial national energy efficiency targets/objectives of reducing energy use per GDP by 20 % in 5 years (China) and 9 years (India).
Still, according to this New York Times article, these developing nations, led by China and India, refused to commit to specific goals for slashing heat-trapping gases by 2050. In a Reuters report, Brazil said the G8′s goal of cutting global emissions by 50 percent by 2050 and of reducing emissions in wealthy countries by 80 percent is not credible.
A recent draft of the Group of 8 agreement also said emissions should be reduced “to limit the average increase in global temperature to 2 degrees Celsius above preindustrial levels.
Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi of Italy, the meeting’s host, said it made little sense for Group of 8 countries to take on onerous commitments if “five billion people continue to behave as they have always behaved.”