Acrylonitrile markets are covered weekly by ICIS in Asia, Europe and the US by our network of locally based reporters.
The reports contain news and market analysis to help you keep abreast of global movements and include information on spot and contract prices, upstream and downstream markets, as well as production issues and any other influencing factors. This unbiased market intelligence can help you to make informed business decisions.
Acrylonitrile Overview Transcript
Acrylonitrile ACN is a product that is used to make acrylic fibres. It is a raw material that goes primarily into making acrylic fibre and also other products such as acrylonitrile butadiene styrene or ABS.
Acrylic fibre is used, on the other hand, in clothing and carpets, whereas ABS is used in the automotive and appliances industries.
Acrylonitrile is traded mostly in Asia on a spot and contract basis. China is a major importer of ACN. It buys ACN from Asia as well as from deep sea suppliers in Europe and the US Gulf.
Other than China, India is another major spot market, Both these countries are major importers of ACN.
The major producers in Asia are primarily based in Japan South Korea and Taiwan.
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Acrylonitrile: Market overview
Updated to Q2 2016
In Asia, ACN prices are expected to move up slowly in the second quarter on the back of heavy turnarounds in Asia and improved downstream demand. Several Asian ACN plants including CPDC, PTT Asahi and China’s Anqing Petrochemical will take maintenance during the period. And the downstream demand will likely remain strong.
In Europe, the ACN market is expected to tighten in the second quarter on the back of a heavy-maintenance period, strong demand and limited imports from overseas.
Lukoil will partially shutdown at its 150,000 tonne/year plant in Saratov, Russia, on 9 April, a company source confirmed. The outage had originally been scheduled to begin on 4 April. The expected length of the outage remains 10 days. The outage is being effected to treat the reactor and will affect around one third of the Saratov, capacity. The outage is expected to result in a loss of around 4,000-5,000 tonnes of production to the market, the company source previously estimated.
INEOS Nitriles previously confirmed that it will shut its 280,000 tonne/year ACN plant for five weeks of planned maintenance in mid-April.
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Acrylonitrile (ACN) is a clear, colourless or pale yellow flammable liquid with a sweet, pungent, irritating odour. It is partially soluble in water, soluble in most organic solvents (including ethyl alcohol, acetone, benzene, carbon tetrachloride and ethyl acetate), very reactive and polymerises violently in the presence of alkalis or peroxides.
ACN is used mainly as a monomer or comonomer in the production of synthetic fibres, plastics and elastomers. The largest outlet is in the manufacture of acrylic fibres, which are used in clothing. Acrylic fibres also have uses in home furnishings and bedding.
An important outlet for ACN is the acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS)/styrene-acrylonitrile (SAN) market.
The dominant route for the manufacture of ACN is the one-step propylene ammoxidation process, replacing the original acetylene-based technology. New technology based on propane ammoxidation is being developed by a number of ACN producers with claims of a 30% production cost advantage compared to the propylene route.