Acrylonitrile Prices, markets & analysis
For those looking to keep abreast of the global Acrylonitrile market, our independent, unbiased pricing information, news and market analysis is an invaluable resource.
Whether you buy or sell Acrylonitrile or related products, you need to know about the prices and the factors driving the prices in the global Acrylonitrile market as they happen. Our network of price reporters throughout Asia, Europe and the US provide key local insights. We collate this intelligence into daily and weekly price reports, ensuring you have the up-to-date information you need at all times.
Acrylonitrile Overview Transcript
Acrylonitrile ACN is a product that is used to make acrylic fibres. It is a raw material that goes primarily into making acrylic fibre and also other products such as acrylonitrile butadiene styrene or ABS.
Acrylic fibre is used, on the other hand, in clothing and carpets, whereas ABS is used in the automotive and appliances industries.
Acrylonitrile is traded mostly in Asia on a spot and contract basis. China is a major importer of ACN. It buys ACN from Asia as well as from deep sea suppliers in Europe and the US Gulf.
Other than China, India is another major spot market, Both these countries are major importers of ACN.
The major producers in Asia are primarily based in Japan South Korea and Taiwan.
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Acrylonitrile: Market overview
Updated to Q1 2015
European acrylonitrile (ACN) demand growth in 2015 is expected to be sharply divergent depending on the end-user market, according to market estimates. The acrylic fibre market is expected to remain under price and demand pressure in Europe because of competition from lower-priced substitutes. Demand from acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS), acrylamide and carbon fibre markets is seeing strong growth. As the ACN spot market predominantly serves the acrylic fibre market, while contract markets also serve ABS, acrylamide and carbon fibre markets, the discrepancy between spot and contract markets in Europe is expected to continue into 2015, as a result.
US Gulf ACN producers will continue to face challenges because raw material prices for propylene and ammonia continue to be high, putting USG producers at a cost disadvantage to those in other regions. Demand had slowed at the end of 2014, but some players were anticipating a jump in demand when buyers replenish their inventories. In the meantime, producers were said to be running their plants at reduced rates, with at least one plant down for a maintenance until mid-January. Additionally, supply is expected to tighten in Asia with several planned turnarounds in January and February.
The Asia ACN market is expected to be under pressure amid the lower feedstock cost despite the heavy turnarounds in the first quarter. Meanwhile, the influx of deep-sea cargoes will continue to dampen the market sentiment. The increased new supply from China hindered the buying interest for the import cargoes since last December and the imports to China are expected to decrease in 2015. The downstream demand is expected to remain sluggish amid the economic slowdown.
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Acrylonitrile (ACN) is a clear, colourless or pale yellow flammable liquid with a sweet, pungent, irritating odour. It is partially soluble in water, soluble in most organic solvents (including ethyl alcohol, acetone, benzene, carbon tetrachloride and ethyl acetate), very reactive and polymerises violently in the presence of alkalis or peroxides.
ACN is used mainly as a monomer or comonomer in the production of synthetic fibres, plastics and elastomers. The largest outlet is in the manufacture of acrylic fibres, which are used in clothing. Acrylic fibres also have uses in home furnishings and bedding.
An important outlet for ACN is the acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS)/styrene-acrylonitrile (SAN) market.
The dominant route for the manufacture of ACN is the one-step propylene ammoxidation process, replacing the original acetylene-based technology. New technology based on propane ammoxidation is being developed by a number of ACN producers with claims of a 30% production cost advantage compared to the propylene route.