Acrylonitrile Prices, markets & analysis
For those looking to keep abreast of the global Acrylonitrile market, our independent, unbiased pricing information, news and market analysis is an invaluable resource.
Whether you buy or sell Acrylonitrile or related products, you need to know about the prices and the factors driving the prices in the global Acrylonitrile market as they happen. Our network of price reporters throughout Asia, Europe and the US provide key local insights. We collate this intelligence into daily and weekly price reports, ensuring you have the up-to-date information you need at all times.
Acrylonitrile Overview Transcript
Acrylonitrile ACN is a product that is used to make acrylic fibres. It is a raw material that goes primarily into making acrylic fibre and also other products such as acrylonitrile butadiene styrene or ABS.
Acrylic fibre is used, on the other hand, in clothing and carpets, whereas ABS is used in the automotive and appliances industries.
Acrylonitrile is traded mostly in Asia on a spot and contract basis. China is a major importer of ACN. It buys ACN from Asia as well as from deep sea suppliers in Europe and the US Gulf.
Other than China, India is another major spot market, Both these countries are major importers of ACN.
The major producers in Asia are primarily based in Japan South Korea and Taiwan.
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Acrylonitrile: Market overview
Updated to Q3 2014
Global acrylonitrile (ACN) prices are expected to continue firming in the third quarter (Q3) as supply tightens, although some market players believe the uptrend will be limited by relatively weak downstream demand.
In the US, INEOS Nitriles will continue operating its Green Lake plant in Texas at about half of its 545,000 tonne/year capacity. Unfavourable economic conditions have also prompted Japan's Asahi Kasei to plan on closing its 150,000 tonne/year plant in Kawasaki in August.
Meanwhile, several producers are conducting scheduled turnarounds during the quarter, including Ascend Performance Materials in the US, as well as INEOS Nitriles and Lukoil in Europe. Tightening global supply may also limit deep-sea cargoes to Asia.
While pre-buying to cover the maintenance period will likely increase demand, some players still viewed downstream performance as relatively weak, especially in the acrylic fibre (AF) market.
However, others hope to see the traditional seasonal uptick in the demand as Q3 is traditionally the period that AF is used in the manufacturing of clothing and blankets for the winter and that acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) is used in the manufacturing of products for the gift-buying holiday season.
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Acrylonitrile (ACN) is a clear, colourless or pale yellow flammable liquid with a sweet, pungent, irritating odour. It is partially soluble in water, soluble in most organic solvents (including ethyl alcohol, acetone, benzene, carbon tetrachloride and ethyl acetate), very reactive and polymerises violently in the presence of alkalis or peroxides.
ACN is used mainly as a monomer or comonomer in the production of synthetic fibres, plastics and elastomers. The largest outlet is in the manufacture of acrylic fibres, which are used in clothing. Acrylic fibres also have uses in home furnishings and bedding.
An important outlet for ACN is the acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS)/styrene-acrylonitrile (SAN) market.
The dominant route for the manufacture of ACN is the one-step propylene ammoxidation process, replacing the original acetylene-based technology. New technology based on propane ammoxidation is being developed by a number of ACN producers with claims of a 30% production cost advantage compared to the propylene route.