ICIS provides independent and unbiased pricing information, news and market analysis for the global Ammonia market. Our network of price reporters, based in Asia, Europe and the US, deliver local insight for each of these markets, which is published in our individual weekly and daily price reports.
If you buy or sell Ammonia or related products, our reports, news and market intelligence will give you the prices and analysis of the factors driving the prices that you need to make confident commercial decisions.
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ICIS Ammonia Overview Transcript
Ammonia is a raw material for the fertilizer and industrial sectors. Production is through a chemical reaction using natural gas, and as a result, the main production regions are areas that have abundant supplies of natural gas including Russia, Ukraine, North Africa, Middle East, the Caribbean and Indonesia.
The main downstream applications for ammonia are in the fertilizer sector. Ammonia can be applied directly to crops or also used in the production of urea, phosphates, ammonium nitrate and ammonium sulphate.
Ammonia can also be used as a raw material for some chemicals including caprolactam and acrylonitrile.
The main price drivers for ammonia are in the fertilizer sector, seasonal fertilizer demand, fertilizer prices and also crop prices.
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Ammonia news and market information products from ICIS
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Upstream of Ammonia
Downstream of Ammonia
Ammonia: Market overview
Updated to Q3 2016
The ammonia market is expected to remain bearish during the third quarter amid soft demand from the agricultural and industrial sectors on both sides of the Atlantic. By mid-July, several cargoes had already loaded in the US or Trinidad for discharge in other regions, instead of being delivered to the US normally.
Following the unexpected fall in the Tampa price for July loadings, buyers remained aggressive and a further fall, albeit not as steep, is likely for August and September. Compounding the situation for producers is the recent start-up of an export-oriented plant in Russia – that will see Acron ship around 400,000 tonnes in the second half of 2016 – and the imminent commission of a facility in Saudi Arabia run by Ma’aden.
Scheduled turnarounds at plants in the Baltic, Black Sea and Algeria may squeeze the supply chain, but with so many alternate sources of the nitrogen fertilizer, buyers will hold the upper hand for the foreseeable future.
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Ammonia is a colourless, highly water-soluble gas with an intense, pungent, suffocating odour. It is alkaline and caustic, corrosive to copper and galvanised surfaces and is a powerful irritant. It is soluble in chloroform, ether and is easily liquefied under pressure. Liquid ammonia will attack some forms of plastics, rubber, and coatings.
Ammonia's major use is as a nitrogen source in fertilisers where it is both applied directly and used to produce derivatives including ammonium nitrate, urea, ammonium phosphates and ammonium sulphate.
Urea plants are integrated with ammonia production as they require the carbon dioxide by-product from ammonia units.
Ammonia also has a number of industrial end uses. Ammonium nitrate is used to make explosives while the medical grade is decomposed to nitrous oxide (laughing gas). Ammonium bicarbonate has applications in baking powder formulations, in fire extinguishers and as a blowing agent in the manufacture of polymers.
Ammonia is used in the production of hexamethylene diamine (HMDA) for nylon, acrylonitrile (ACN) for fibres and plastics, caprolactam for nylon, isocyanates for polyurethanes, and hydrazine.
Other uses for ammonia include as a refrigerant, a cleaning and bleaching agent, and a household cleaner. It is also used in metal treating operations.
Upstream of Ammonia
Downstream of Ammonia