Ethyl Benzene Methodology
Around 99% of ethyl benzene (EB) produced in Europe is used in the production of styrene monomer, which is then used in many homopolymer, copolymer and terpolymer applications. These applications cover a wide scope of industrial, consumer and medical products. EB is also used for solvents for coatings and for other minor applications.
EB is produced by the catalytic alkylation of benzene with ethylene, or from mixed xylenes by isomer separation and catalytic isomerisation, or from 1,3-butadiene in a two-step process where the butadiene is converted to vinylcyclohexane which is then dehydrogenated.
EB is a colourless liquid, with a pungent aromatic odour. It is practically insoluble in water but soluble in ethyl alcohol, ether and benzene.
Short term health effects are drowsiness, fatigue, headache and mild eye and respiratory irritation. Long-term, EB has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels above the MCL: damage to the liver, kidneys, central nervous system and eyes.
ICIS pricing quotes ethyl benzene in Europe and the US Gulf.
Published weekly on Fridays
Ethyl Benzene (EUROPE)
Weekly Price Assessments:
Ethyl benzene Spot Prices
- FOB NWE (USD/MT & conversion to US CTS/LB)
Ethyl benzene Feedstock Prices
- BENZENE FOB NWE monthly (EUR/MT)
- ETHYLENE FD NWE monthly (EUR/MT)
Ethyl Benzene (US GULF)
Weekly Price Assessments:
Ethyl Benzene Spot Prices
- FOB USG (US CTS/GAL & conversion to USD/MT)
Price assessments are based on information supplied by market participants through the week up to close of business on Fridays at 1700 hours in London and Houston.
ASTM D3193-96(2003) Standard Specification
Cargoes loading four weeks from the reported transaction date.
Credit terms of up to 30 days.
Standard cargo size:
In Europe, spot business is uncommon, therefore price assessments are linked to ethylene and benzene prices, with a styrene component.
In the US, since ethyl benzene is largely an integrated product that feeds into the production of styrene monomer, there is little merchant trade to direct spot pricing. Sales between co-producers are more common, and the published spot prices are assessed on a weighted basis, incorporating reigning values for feedstock ethylene and benzene. The US market commentary incorporates information on up and downstream markets as guides to ethyl benzene price outlook and assessment. Plant production information is also included where applicable.
The reports offer market commentary that includes details of traced transactions, news on the supply/demand balance, export/import information, contract price negotiations and general sentiment for price direction. Where applicable there is product information, comments on up and downstream market developments and general market intelligence.