The Ethyl Vinyl Acetate Asia report is published weekly by ICIS. The spot price assessments focus on three different grades.
Market commentary includes up-to-date news and analysis including an overview, plant turnarounds, feedstock movements and graphs comparing ethyl vinyl acetate with upstream markets. Our locally based reporters provide market intelligence which enables you to keep abreast of market developments, so that you are supported in making confident commercial decisions.
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Ethylene vinyl acetate Overview Transcript
Ethylene vinyl acetate, also known as EVA, is a plastic product derived from the copolymerisation of ethylene with vinyl acetate.
EVA’s main advantages include its properties of clarity and toughness, along with strong flexibility and ability to withstand low temperatures. It also has good tear resistance.
The main uses for EVA are in the manufature of stretch film for shrink wrapping, protective strips, sports shoe soles, sandals, slippers and disposable medical equipment. It is also used as a coating for heat-sealing on polypropylene, polyethylene terephthalate and aluminium films. Other uses include insulating tubing and wire-coating.
In recent years supply of the lower EVA grades has been dwindling as producers focus production on grades with vinyl acetate content of above 30% in response to growing demand for this grade from the solar panel industry.
Supply and demand fundamentals drive Asia’s EVA prices. Demand has outstripped supply in recent years with strong interest from the downstream footwear sector and increasingly, the photovoltaic industry. Other key influences on the market include price trends of polyethylene because most EVA factories in Asia are EVA and PE swing plants
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Ethylene vinyl acetate: Market overview
Updated to Q4 2016
Firmer upstream ethylene feedstock values coupled with the impending peak demand season in the downstream footwear materials sector prompted EVA producers to test the market with price hikes of $20-50/tonne for September shipments. The higher offers were targeted mainly for EVA grades with 18-28% VA content, on signs of pockets of demand recovery in late August. However, lingering weak end-user market conditions across most of the downstream sectors in China since Q2 weighed on buyers’ sentiment. The majority of buyers in China anticipate more active stock replenishments to take place by November or December due in part to adequate domestic supply, which dampened buying interest for US dollar denominated cargoes. In the downstream photovoltaic (PV) sector, key China buyers had no firm purchasing plans for October shipments due to ample inventories amid a downbeat outlook in the downstream solar panel industry. This was due to increased cost of production following a reduction in government subsidy for the PV industry. For this reason, plant utilisation rates in the solar panel encapsulant film industry had been curtailed at 10-30% of capacity in Q3. One producer source estimated demand in the PV sector to recover to normal levels by Q1 2017.
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Ethylene Vinyl Acetate Methodology
About Ethylene vinyl acetate
Ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) is a copolymer that is manufactured from ethylene and vinyl acetate monomer (VAM). The main advantages of EVA is that it has good toughness, flexibility, clarity and gloss, the ability to withstand low temperatures, and good tear resistance.
In packaging applications, the resins can be made into blown, extruded, cast and coextruded films, or blended with other resins. They can be moulded and extruded into soft plastic items such as hoses and tubes, formulated into hot melt adhesives, and used in plastic compounding, wire and cable insulation.
EVA is also used as a coating for heat sealing on polypropylene (PP), polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and aluminium films. A growing use for EVA is in solar cells as an encapsulation material.