Polyvinyl chloride Prices, markets & analysis
For those looking to keep abreast of the global Polyvinyl chloride market, our independent, unbiased pricing information, news and market analysis is an invaluable resource.
Whether you buy or sell Polyvinyl chloride or related products, you need to know about the prices and the factors driving the prices in the global Polyvinyl chloride market as they happen. Our network of price reporters throughout Asia, Europe and the US provide key local insights. We collate this intelligence into daily and weekly price reports, ensuring you have the up-to-date information you need at all times.
Polyvinyl chloride overview Transcript
Polyvinyl chloride, also known as PVC is a plastic resin. Its feedstocks are chlorine and ethylene. Its main end use for PVC is in the construction industry with pipes and profiles, windows and doors accounting for a large proportion of consumption.
Other applications include the automotive industry, cables and flooring.
The key driver in the market tends to be season led. Spring and summer are the strongest periods of construction activity. Movement in feedstock ethylene and chlorine prices also impact the PVC market as do events in the wider chloralkali chain as producers have to balance the electrochemical unit in order to make the business profitable.
The economy is also a key driver for PVC as downstream construction is strongly linked with GDP. The outlook for the market is unclear, but it is widely agreed that future growth will be largely driven by the emerging economies of Asia, Latin America, Africa and Eastern Europe.
Demand in the Eurozone is widely expected to contract as state measures delay public investment in construction. New plants coming on stream in Asia, Middle East, central and Eastern Europe will mean more competition for developed economies.
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We offer the following regional Polyvinyl chloride analysis and news coverage to keep you informed of factors and developments affecting prices in the Polyvinyl chloride marketplace.
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Upstream of Polyvinyl chloride
Downstream of Polyvinyl chloride
Polyvinyl chloride: Market overview
Global polyvinyl chloride (PVC) prices are expected to be on the upswing at the start of 2014 and to maintain strength in the near future, tracking steady gains in upstream ethylene prices amid a snugly supplied global market.
Snug spot availability and global export opportunities to certain markets are among the factors lending support to PVC spot prices, ever since some suppliers dropped operating rates at their facilities to manage high production costs more effectively.
In Europe, buyers said some upward price movement is likely in January linked to the feedstock-related increase, but there is a question mark over whether anything more is possible considering that downstream construction demand remains in low season during the winter months.
Asian producers said they anticipate a further price increase after the end of January Lunar New Year holidays, when buyers would purchase fresh cargoes to replenish their dwindling inventories. However, deep-sea cargo supply from the US is also expected to be weighed on by traditionally healthy demand for PVC cargoes from the US domestic market in the first quarter. In the US market, market participants said the majority of production is sold out for January.
Updated to mid-Jan 2014
News & analysis
Polyvinyl chloride news & analysis
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Polyvinyl Chloride Methodology
About Polyvinyl chloride
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) occurs as white, amorphous, odourless powder. It is soluble in nitrobenzene, cyclohexanone, and tetrahydrofuran but insoluble in vinyl chloride. It is resistant to dilute alkalis and acids but is attacked by concentrated nitric and chromic acids.
Two types of PVC homopolymer are produced: rigid resins which are inflexible and hard; and flexible resins which contain a large proportion of plasticiser to make them soft and can be stretched. Products made from rigid PVC include pipe and conduit and roofing tiles.
Flexible PVC finds outlets in wire and cable coating, flooring, coated fabrics and shower curtains. Other outlets for flexible PVC are film and sheet and flooring.
Polymerisation is normally performed at 40-70oC with the vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) in a liquid state under pressure in a batch reactor. Suspension polymerisation is the most common PVC process because the resins produced are the most versatile and suitable for a wide range of applications.
The resin produced from the polymerisation process is hard and brittle and requires conversion into a compound by the incorporation of additives such as plasticisers, modifiers, stabilisers and processing aids before conversion into finished products.
Upstream of Polyvinyl chloride
Downstream of Polyvinyl chloride