Jet kerosene Prices, markets & analysis
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Jet kerosene: Market overview
The global jet kerosene market is growing as the volume of air travel continues to increase, particularly in Asia.
Asian jet kerosene prices are likely to remain volatile in 2013 amid continued global economic and political uncertainty and dependent on the strength of the recovery in the Chinese economy.
China is increasingly meeting its demand using its growing domestic refining system. Nevertheless, the country remains a key player and importer in the jet kerosene market in Asia. The global market is expected to remain well-supplied with jet kerosene amid refinery expansions in Asia and the Middle East.
High jet fuel prices have weighed on airline margins. Most of the large airlines and jet fuel consumers hedge the price of the product to limit fluctuations in costs.
Global air passenger demand improved towards the end of 2012 and is expected to further improve, albeit modestly, in 2013. The air freight sector is also expected to show some growth in 2013, but this is dependent on a continued rise in US consumer confidence.
Updated to mid-August 2013
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Jet kerosene news & analysis
About Jet kerosene
Jet kerosene is a blend of hydrocarbons with molecules typically containing 8 to 16 carbon atoms obtained from the middle distillate group in crude oil distillation. The fuel is used in aircraft powered by gas turbine engines.
The Jet A-1 fuel has a higher specification than normal kerosene with a relatively high flash point making it safer to handle than other jet fuels. The Jet A-1 also has a higher freezing point and contains antistatic additives to dissipate static electricity and prevent sparking. Other additives include antioxidants to prevent gumming, corrosion inhibitors, biocides and icing inhibitors.
Jet kerosene also requires a low smoke point. The kerosene fraction can contain aromatic compounds which have higher carbon-to-hydrogen ratios. When these compounds burn, the deficiency of hydrogen can cause smoke. By hydrotreating the kerosene, the aromatic rings get saturated with hydrogen, converting them to naphthalenes which burn cleaner.