Jet kerosene Prices, markets & analysis
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Jet kerosene news and market information products from ICIS
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Jet kerosene: Market overview
Updated to Q4 2015
Jet kerosene differentials are expected to be softer in the fourth quarter due to falling demand and record oversupply, however the winter travelling season demand could change this dynamic. Differentials were subdued in the single digits early in the quarter and there are no indications of an uptick in the near future. Stock levels in the ARA region reached an all-time high and this will loom over the market in the coming months, especially as imports continue to flow in from the US and Middle East.
The jet-kerosene market in Asia is expected to tighten into the fourth quarter, amid refinery shutdowns maintenance in South Korea and southeast Asia in October. Jet-kerosene was in surplus through the previous quarter, amid weak demand and as a result of a contango market structure which encouraged storage of jet-kerosene. However, refiners in northeast Asia were expected to soon start cutting jet-kerosene production and maximising heating kerosene output, ahead of the start of the peak winter heating oil demand season in northeast Asia.
US jet fuel spot prices will follow crude oil prices, which have remained soft for much of 2015, through the end of the year. Demand historically sees some weakness in winter months. Refinery maintenance is another factor that could provide some support to higher jet fuel prices this year. This year’s maintenance season will be particularly heavy after record-high run rates through the summer.
News & analysis
Jet kerosene news & analysis
ICIS price assessments are based on information gathered from a wide cross-section of the market, comprising consumers, producers, traders and distributors from more than 250 reporters world-wide. Confirmed deals, verified by both buyer and seller, provide the foundation of our price assessments.
Our in-depth market knowledge drives our specialist focus, as we recognise the importance of individual market dynamics and not a one-size-fits-all approach.
Over 25 years of reporting on key chemicals markets, including Jet kerosene, has brought global recognition of our methodology as being unbiased, authoritative and rigorous in preserving our editorial integrity. Our global network of reporters in Houston, London, Singapore, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Mumbai, Perth and Moscow ensures unrivalled coverage of established and emerging markets.
Jet Kerosene Methodology
About Jet kerosene
Jet kerosene is a blend of hydrocarbons with molecules typically containing 8 to 16 carbon atoms obtained from the middle distillate group in crude oil distillation. The fuel is used in aircraft powered by gas turbine engines.
The Jet A-1 fuel has a higher specification than normal kerosene with a relatively high flash point making it safer to handle than other jet fuels. The Jet A-1 also has a higher freezing point and contains antistatic additives to dissipate static electricity and prevent sparking. Other additives include antioxidants to prevent gumming, corrosion inhibitors, biocides and icing inhibitors.
Jet kerosene also requires a low smoke point. The kerosene fraction can contain aromatic compounds which have higher carbon-to-hydrogen ratios. When these compounds burn, the deficiency of hydrogen can cause smoke. By hydrotreating the kerosene, the aromatic rings get saturated with hydrogen, converting them to naphthalenes which burn cleaner.