Jet kerosene Prices, markets & analysis
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Jet kerosene news and market information products from ICIS
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Jet kerosene: Market overview
Asian jet demand was rather muted at the start of the first quarter. Prices softened and crack values have eased. China has covered its import requirements for the Lunar New Year at the end of January when air travel traditionally increases. Demand is expected to be influenced by the winter weather conditions and import requirements from refiners in Japan where stocks of heating and jet kerosene have been high . Supply is expected to tighten towards the end of the first quarter when Asian refineries enter the maintenance season.
European jet kerosene premiums entered the new year strongly with suggestions of tightness in supply. Strong East-West gasoil continues to limit arbitrage opportunities between India or the Middle East Gulf and northwest Europe. Airline demand will be seasonally low in Q1 while Europe’s mild winter depresses alternative demand for jet kerosene as a heating fuel blendstock.
Total consumption for US jet fuel in the first quarter of 2014 is expected to hold steady compared with 2013 as waning demand in the US is balanced out by increased exports of distillates, which includes jet fuel. Furthermore, rising production rates of US refineries will maintain the product’s high export value.
US jet fuel demand, and accordingly, prices, usually reach a peak in the second quarter when many refineries are down during maintenance season and demand picks up ahead of summer.
Updated to mid-Jan 2014
News & analysis
Jet kerosene news & analysis
ICIS price assessments are based on information gathered from a wide cross-section of the market, comprising consumers, producers, traders and distributors from more than 250 reporters world-wide. Confirmed deals, verified by both buyer and seller, provide the foundation of our price assessments.
Our in-depth market knowledge drives our specialist focus, as we recognise the importance of individual market dynamics and not a one-size-fits-all approach.
Over 25 years of reporting on key chemicals markets, including Jet kerosene, has brought global recognition of our methodology as being unbiased, authoritative and rigorous in preserving our editorial integrity. Our global network of reporters in Houston, London, Singapore, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Mumbai, Perth and Moscow ensures unrivalled coverage of established and emerging markets.
Jet Kerosene Methodology
About Jet kerosene
Jet kerosene is a blend of hydrocarbons with molecules typically containing 8 to 16 carbon atoms obtained from the middle distillate group in crude oil distillation. The fuel is used in aircraft powered by gas turbine engines.
The Jet A-1 fuel has a higher specification than normal kerosene with a relatively high flash point making it safer to handle than other jet fuels. The Jet A-1 also has a higher freezing point and contains antistatic additives to dissipate static electricity and prevent sparking. Other additives include antioxidants to prevent gumming, corrosion inhibitors, biocides and icing inhibitors.
Jet kerosene also requires a low smoke point. The kerosene fraction can contain aromatic compounds which have higher carbon-to-hydrogen ratios. When these compounds burn, the deficiency of hydrogen can cause smoke. By hydrotreating the kerosene, the aromatic rings get saturated with hydrogen, converting them to naphthalenes which burn cleaner.