Jet kerosene Prices, markets & analysis
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Jet kerosene news and market information products from ICIS
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Jet kerosene: Market overview
Updated to Q1 2015
European jet fuel price expectations are uncertain at this stage in 2015 as premiums have not fallen as fast as crude futures, however, very little open market trading has been recorded. There are mixed views regarding demand and some sources expect the market to be driven down by weak fundamentals rather than upstream conditions.
Although demand for jet kerosene in Asia is expected to continue to grow in 2015, prices have been negatively impacted early in the first quarter by falls in crude oil, reduced imports of jet kerosene by China and high inventories in Japan. Usually early in the first quarter Japan imports jet kerosene to cover its winter requirements. Its refineries maximise heating kerosene production during the winter and cut jet output. Demand from China could pick up ahead of the Lunar New Year in mid-February when air travel usually increases. Supply is expected to tighten towards the end of the first quarter when refineries in Asia enter the scheduled maintenance season.
US spot jet fuel prices will likely weaken with crude oil in the first quarter of 2015. Weak energy values have weighed heavily on the jet fuel market. However, cheap fuel prices have boosted demand, as more people are travelling. Jet fuel demand will likely be stunted in the first quarter, as less people fly during the winter months.
News & analysis
Jet kerosene news & analysis
ICIS price assessments are based on information gathered from a wide cross-section of the market, comprising consumers, producers, traders and distributors from more than 250 reporters world-wide. Confirmed deals, verified by both buyer and seller, provide the foundation of our price assessments.
Our in-depth market knowledge drives our specialist focus, as we recognise the importance of individual market dynamics and not a one-size-fits-all approach.
Over 25 years of reporting on key chemicals markets, including Jet kerosene, has brought global recognition of our methodology as being unbiased, authoritative and rigorous in preserving our editorial integrity. Our global network of reporters in Houston, London, Singapore, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Mumbai, Perth and Moscow ensures unrivalled coverage of established and emerging markets.
Jet Kerosene Methodology
About Jet kerosene
Jet kerosene is a blend of hydrocarbons with molecules typically containing 8 to 16 carbon atoms obtained from the middle distillate group in crude oil distillation. The fuel is used in aircraft powered by gas turbine engines.
The Jet A-1 fuel has a higher specification than normal kerosene with a relatively high flash point making it safer to handle than other jet fuels. The Jet A-1 also has a higher freezing point and contains antistatic additives to dissipate static electricity and prevent sparking. Other additives include antioxidants to prevent gumming, corrosion inhibitors, biocides and icing inhibitors.
Jet kerosene also requires a low smoke point. The kerosene fraction can contain aromatic compounds which have higher carbon-to-hydrogen ratios. When these compounds burn, the deficiency of hydrogen can cause smoke. By hydrotreating the kerosene, the aromatic rings get saturated with hydrogen, converting them to naphthalenes which burn cleaner.