Oil price collapse, US$ rise confirm Great Unwinding underway

Economic growth

SHARE THIS STORY

GU 15Nov14AStock markets are floating ever higher on an ocean of central bank money printing.  But something else is happening in the real world where we all live and work.  Since August, I have been warning that the Great Unwinding of this policymaker stimulus is now underway.  The chart above highlights how my 2 core forecasts have now been confirmed:

  • Brent Oil prices have fallen nearly 25%, and the IEA expect “downward price pressures could build further in H1 2015” (blue line)
  • The US dollar has rallied 8% versus the world’s major currencies, with the G-20 warning  “The global economy remains vulnerable to shocks, financial fragility remains” (red)

This also confirms the core argument in Boom, Gloom and the New Normal, which suggested the global economy was entering a New Normal.   $35tn of stimulus hasn’t restored growth to SuperCycle levels, as the IMF has noted.  Instead, the ‘demographic dividend’ that drove the economic SuperCycle has become a ‘demographic deficit’.

The key to the Unwinding is China.  President Xi Jinping simply has to set a new economic course:

  • He inherited the results of the 2009 – 2013 stimulus programme
  • This was based on a ten-fold rise in lending, from $1tn to $10tn
  • The result is that the country now has to pay $1.7tn each year in interest
  • This is more than the entire economies of S Korea, Malaysia or Indonesia

Xi and his colleagues have prepared for this New Normal for 2 years.  As before in times of Crisis (Deng in 1977, Jiang in 1993), they have taken detailed advice from the World Bank.  They know that China has to reverse its economic course.  And the time to make the break with the past is when you start, when people are ready for change.

I will look in more detail at some of the key implications of the Great Unwinding tomorrow and during the rest of this week.

 

WEEKLY MARKET ROUND-UP
The weekly round-up of Benchmark prices since the Great Unwinding began is below, with ICIS pricing comments:

Benzene Europe, down 36%. “ample availability and weak derivative demand were the key drivers for the current downward momentum”
Naphtha Europe, down 29%. “Prices plunged closer to the $600/t mark on low upstream Brent crude oil futures, remaining at a four-year low”
PTA China, down 25%. ”Price increases in the futures market were attributed to buying activity by PTA producers, in line with expected lower operating rates at PTA facilities in the near term.”
Brent crude oil, down 23%
¥:$, down 14%
HDPE US export, flat. “With the chances growing for a US PE price cut, producers may weaken in order to manage inventories with the year-end in mind”
S&P 500 stock market index, up 4%

PREVIOUS POST

China plans $90bn spend on new "Silk Roads"

14/11/2014

I am just back from my first World Economic Forum meeting, having been invited t...

Learn more
NEXT POST

Conventional wisdom has been proved wrong, again

18/11/2014

“Conventional wisdom” never spotted the imminent arrival of the Grea...

Learn more
More posts
Financial markets head for (another) train crash as coronavirus starts to impact
17/02/2020

China’s industrial heartland of Hubei (pop 59m) and its capital Wuhan (pop 11m) have now been ...

Read
Coronavirus disruptions make global recession almost certain
11/02/2020

Last month, our Hong Kong-based pH Report colleague, Daniël de Blocq van Scheltinga, warned of the ...

Read
Your A to Z Guide to the Brexit trade negotiations
02/02/2020

A. Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty set out the rules for leaving the European Union. As with most ne...

Read
Contingency planning is essential in 2020 as “synchronised slowdown” continues
12/01/2020

The IMF has now confirmed that the world economy has moved into the synchronised slowdown that I for...

Read
Boris Johnson will have to disappoint someone in 2020 as the UK finally leaves the EU
15/12/2019

Finally, after three and a half years, the UK has reached “the end of the beginning” wit...

Read
ACS Chemistry & the Economy webinar on Thursday
10/12/2019

Please join me for the next ACS Chemicals & Economy webinar on Thursday, at 2pm Eastern Standard...

Read
What’s next for Brexit and chemicals?
04/12/2019

The UK is about to go to the polls again to try and decide the Brexit issue.  Chemicals will be one...

Read
Global economy hits stall speed, whilst US S&P 500 sets new records
01/12/2019

Whisper it not to your friends in financial markets, but the global economy is moving into recession...

Read

Market Intelligence

ICIS provides market intelligence that help businesses in the energy, petrochemical and fertilizer industries.

Learn more

Analytics

Across the globe, ICIS consultants provide detailed analysis and forecasting for the petrochemical, energy and fertilizer markets.

Learn more

Specialist Services

Find out more about how our specialist consulting services, events, conferences and training courses can help your teams.

Learn more

ICIS Insight

From our news service to our thought-leadership content, ICIS experts bring you the latest news and insight, when you need it.

Learn more