The ICIS Butadiene report is published for Asia, Europe and the US, though the Crude C4s section is published only for Europe and the US.
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Upstream of Butadiene - C4s
Butadiene - C4s
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Butadiene - C4s: Market overview
Updated to Q4 2017
Butadiene (BD) supply will lengthen in the fourth quarter when several BD plants in Taiwan and South Korea have completed their shutdowns by early October. A new 100,000 tonne/year BD plant, China’s Jiangsu Sailboat, is expected to come on stream in late September and expected to start commercial production in October. The expected lengthening in BD supply in the fourth quarter may likely add downward pressure on the BD price in early October.
Demand for butadiene (BD) will remain firm as the downstream acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) and synthetic rubber (SR) plants will continue to run their plants at relatively high rates during the strong demand season in the fourth quarter. The derivative acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) and synthetic rubber (SR) producers need to replenish their BD inventories and are expected to seek additional November shipments when they return from their holidays in early October. However, demand may start to slow in December due to the holiday season before the end of the calendar year. The downstream ABS and SR producers may also refrain from further BD spot procurements before the end of the fiscal year.
Butadiene availability should improve during the fourth quarter as planned turnarounds should be completed by the end of October. However, much will depend on the strength of Asian and potentially US demand pulling European volumes.
European domestic demand is generally expected to remain healthy but with the typical slow-down towards year-end. However, consumption could buck the usual trend if global derivatives markets are firmer in the wake of Hurricane Harvey and in Asia.
Supply is expected to stabilise or strengthen in the fourth quarter as plant outages and logistical disruptions from Hurricane Harvey are resolved. Additionally, production capacity is expected to expand as new ethane crackers come online in the US Gulf. One had started up late in the third quarter while another is expected to start up in the fourth quarter.
Demand is expected to ease in the fourth quarter due to a seasonal lull in the downstream styrene butadiene rubber (SBR) sector, which is the largest outlet for BD consumption. However, most SBR is used to make tyres, and US tyre sales may see a slight bump in the fourth quarter as vehicles are replaced following several major hurricanes in the US.
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Butadiene/Crude C4 Methodology
About Butadiene - C4s
Butadiene is a colourless, non corrosive liquefied gas with a mild aromatic or gasoline-like odour. It is slightly soluble in water, more soluble in methanol and ethanol, and soluble in most common organic solvents such as acetone, ether, benzene, and cyclohexane. It readily polymerises in the presence of sodium or oxygen.
Butadiene is used to produce synthetic rubbers and polymer resins, as well as a few chemical intermediates. The largest uses are styrene butadiene rubber (SBR) and polybutadiene rubber (BR), mostly used in tyres and automobiles.
The major source of butadiene is as a byproduct in the steam cracking of naphtha and gas oil to make ethylene and propylene. The butadiene is extracted from the C4 cracker stream using extractive distillation.
Other uses include acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) resins, styrene-butadiene latex and block copolymers, nitrile rubber, and adiponitrile (ADN).
Upstream of Butadiene - C4s
Butadiene - C4s
Downstream of Butadiene - C4s