The ICIS coverage of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) can be found in the Weekly Atlantic Basins Feedstock Report. There is also a detailed and comprehensive C1 China LPG Market Weekly report.
Our network of locally based reporters can give you access to up-to-date pricing information and market developments. These unbiased and reliable reports provide you with the intelligence needed to track the latest trends and you can use our prices for your contracts, deals and negotiations.
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Liquefied petroleum gas: Market overview
Updated to mid-Jan 2014
Chinese liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) prices rose from October 2013, mainly due to steadily rising import prices and increased demand. In December a record high for import prices also caused domestic prices to increase to a high level.
On import side, importers secured relatively small volumes of cargo for October and November delivery. Although temperatures fell and domestic demand rose the fourth quarter, Chinese importers reduced their purchasing mainly because of high inventory levels and the high cost of imports.
The price of LPG in China is expected to fall in the first quarter of 2014 as demand during and after the Chinese Lunar new year holiday will be low. Because of poor domestic sales in China, interest in LPG imports is also weak, and this may lead to low import volumes in the first quarter of 2014.
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Liquefied petroleum gas news & analysis
ICIS price assessments are based on information gathered from a wide cross-section of the market, comprising consumers, producers, traders and distributors from more than 250 reporters world-wide. Confirmed deals, verified by both buyer and seller, provide the foundation of our price assessments.
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About Liquefied petroleum gas
LPG is a kind of colourless, odourless gas. Varieties of LPG bought and sold include mixes that are primarily propane (C3H8), primarily butane (C4H10) and, most commonly, mixes including both propane and butane. Propylene, butylenes and various other hydrocarbons are usually also present in small concentrations. A powerful odorant, ethanethiol, is added so that leaks can be detected easily. LPG is not toxic but there are two main hazards. The first are possible explosions if there is an ignition source. The second is suffocation due to LPG displacing air, causing a decrease in oxygen concentration.
LPG is synthesised by refining petroleum or "wet" natural gas and is almost entirely derived from fossil fuel sources. It is manufactured during the refining of petroleum (crude oil), or extracted from petroleum or natural gas streams as they emerge from the ground.
LPG is mainly used as household, commercial and industrial fuel, auto gas, and petrochemical feedstock.
In 2011 most LPG in China was used as household fuel, 54.3% in total. Industrial demand comprised 31.1%, including traditional industrial use and petrochemical feedstock use. Commercial demand accounted for 12.2% while the remaining 2.4% was used for auto gas.