THE MALAYSIAN government has awarded a Danish-Malaysian consortium exclusive rights to set up and operate a hazardous waste collection and treatment system for the entire Malaysian peninsula.
The system, which is expected to treat some 300 000 tonne/year of hazardous waste, will be based on the well-established Danish Kommunekemi system which has been in operation for almost 20 years.
Initially, the Malaysian system will comprise three transfer stations and one receiver station at the main treatment plant in Bukit Nanas, near Port Dickson in the state of Negeri Sembilan. The total cost is estimated at DKr500m ($77.3m).
The treatment plant will have an incineration line of between 20-30 000 tonne/year capacity, a physical/chemical treatment line of 10-15 000 tonne/year and a solidification plant of 100-150 000 tonne/year. All lines will be expandable to meet future demand.
The consortium is led by the Danish company Krüger and its associates Chemcontrol and Enviroplan. Chemcontrol claims to have direct access to Kommunekemi's experience and the Danish Environmental Protection Agency's know-how. The Malaysian partners are two local companies, United Engineers and Arab-Malaysian Development. Financial backing for the project is being provided by the Danish Industrialisation Fund for Developing Countries and international funding organisations.
Malaysia's rapid industrialisation coupled with the government clampdown on waste dumping, but lack of disposal facilities, has led to the build-up of waste on company sites. The government estimates up to 400 000 tonne of waste may be stored in this way but the situation is unclear.
Jorgen Ploug of Chemcontrol says the consortium's first task will be to carry out an environmental impact assessment of the three transfer stations and establish a 'true picture'. Ploug estimates the plant will be finished in two-and-a-half to three years.
* A feasibility study is underway in Japan to build a first Kimmunekemi plant within three years, backed by a group called the Chemical Recycling Association comprising several major corporations. The project is led by Prand Corp which has a technology sharing agreement with Chemcontrol and financial support from the ministry of trade and industry.