Asia July industries weaken in battle against COVID-19 Delta variant

Pearl Bantillo


SINGAPORE (ICIS)–Manufacturing activities in southeast Asia took a heavy hit in July amid various forms of lockdowns in place across countries in the region, while industry expansion in China and South Korea slowed down amid continued supply chain disruptions.

With the region battling against the highly infectious COVID-19 Delta variant and the restrictions remaining in place, business conditions may not improve soon.

Most Asian economies registered lower readings in July Purchasing Manufacturers’ Index (PMI), indicating a deterioration in business operating conditions in the region.

ASEAN plunged deeper into contraction territory in July as the region tightened restrictions on people movement and business activities, to stem the spread of the highly contagious Delta variant of the coronavirus.

Indonesia – the biggest economy in southeast Asia – has been on lockdown since early this month and recorded the worst deterioration in operating environment for the month among ASEAN countries.

Myanmar, which has been in turmoil since the military seized power in February from a democratically elected government, posted the lowest reading of 33.5 in July.

The Philippines’ PMI number slipped but remained above the expansion threshold of 50, while Singapore had a sharp improvement to post the highest reading among ASEAN countries at 56.3.

Continued slowdown in China’s factory activity is worrying oil markets, with crude futures trading lower by more than 1% on Monday.

At 06:00 GMT, Brent crude futures were down 1.27% at $74.48/bbl, while US crude shed 1.1% at $73.12/bbl.

China’s July manufacturing PMI numbers, based on official data and from private media group Caixin, were at their lowest in more than a year.

China’s official PMI has been declining for four straight months, partly on power shortages and drought in some regions.

Recent flooding in the central Henan province and Typhoon In-Fa in the eastern parts, as well as the recent COVID-19 outbreak in Nanjing had also weighed down on overall activities in July.

Japan, which is the third-biggest economy in the world, was a bright spot in July, with a PMI reading of 53.0, the strongest recorded since April, according to au Jibun Bank.

The country may get some economic boost from the ongoing Tokyo Olympics (23 July – 8 August) although the capital and parts of the country have remained under a state of emergency amid continuing battle against COVID-19.

Focus article by Pearl Bantillo

Visit the ICIS Coronavirus topic page for analysis of the impact on chemical markets and links to latest news.

(Image: By Saqib Majeed/SOPA Images/Shutterstock)


ICIS Premium news service

The subscription platform provides access to our full range of breaking news and analysis

Contact us now to find out more

Speak with ICIS

Now, more than ever, dynamic insights are key to navigating complex, volatile commodity markets. Access to expert insights on the latest industry developments and tracking market changes are vital in making sustainable business decisions.

Want to learn about how we can work together to bring you actionable insight and support your business decisions?

Need Help?

Need Help?