CORRECTION: Ukraine’s Naftogaz does not seek Russian gas transit renewal, expects storage injection increase, CEO
The article published on 20 September 2023 included an incorrect conversion rate in the final paragraph. The correct conversion for $300.00/1000m3 is €26.50/MWh.
LONDON (ICIS)–Ukraine’s Naftogaz does not intend to renew its transit contract with Russia once it expires at the end of 2024 but Europe’s supply needs may also have to be considered, the incumbent’s CEO told ICIS in an exclusive interview on 20 September.
Oleksiy Chernyshov said Naftogaz as the organiser of transit was not profiting from current arrangements since Russia ships much less than what it should do under its contractual obligations.
“We are not seeking the renewal of this contract and that’s a clear statement [just] as we are not seeking to continue it right now, [while Ukraine is at war with Russia],” he said.
“We service this transit only as a favour to
our EU partners not to deprive them of basic
needs of gas during winter.”
However, he added that if European partners ask for transit to continue, even as the EU set a 2027 phase-out date for Russian gas, Naftogaz would ask for a solution to be found, including to Gazprom’s current refusal to pay in line with existing contractual terms.
Last year, Naftogaz initiated arbitration against Russia’s Gazprom in response to non-payment.
It had been involved in a spate of arbitrations with Gazprom over the years, including a recent case, where a tribunal in The Hague awarded $5bn to the Naftogaz Group for losses incurred following Russia’s annexation of Crimea in 2014.
Earlier this month, the Ukrainian military said
it had recaptured some of the oil and gas rigs
that had been seized.
Chernyshov said Naftogaz has not been able to inspect them yet and added that even though some of the rigs had been recaptured, the company would continue to push for the recovery of the $5bn in compensation for lost opportunities, profit and assets.
Chernyshov insisted that Naftogaz’ main concerns as of now relate to increasing internal onshore gas production and attracting a large number of non-resident companies to use Ukraine’s storage capacity.
He said he expected more than 16 billion cubic meters (bcm) to be injected in storage by 1 November, of which 3bcm would be held by non-resident companies.
As of 19 September, there were 14.7bcm in
stock, of which 2bcm had been injected by
To compare, 0.31bcm were injected by non-resident companies at the same time last year.
“These volumes [stored by international companies] have not been guaranteed by additional business insurance. It’s great that Naftogaz has a reputation that can inspire trust to these major traders,” he added.
Last month, Naftogaz along with the gas grid operator, GTSOU and backed by EU and US partners issued a report confirming that Ukrainian gas transmission and storage could withstand extreme scenarios of simultaneous missile-induced outages and severe market conditions.
The report was intended to reassure traders that Ukraine’s gas infrastructure was safe to use despite Russia’s ongoing war.
Many traders have been incentivised to inject
gas in Ukraine by attractive summer-winter
price spreads this year.
They told ICIS that as long as winter prices remain €14.00/MWh or higher above current spot levels, they would continue to use Ukrainian facilities.
Ukrainian market sources, however, say that if
non-resident companies start withdrawing the
2-3bcm volumes they may accumulate in storage
until the start of the heating season, Ukraine
may face a tough winter.
This is because it may be looking to use small gas turbines to compensate for electricity-generating capacity that had been damaged or lost as a result of Russian missile attacks or occupation.
IMPORTS AND PRODUCTION
Chernyshov, however, is adamant that locally produced gas and volumes held in storage would be sufficient to see Ukraine through the cold season.
“Naftogaz has a record number of new wells that we executed over the course of 2023 and we expect 7-8% growth overall this year compared to last year and this would be also increased compared to 2021,” he said.
Chernyshov said 54 new wells had been commissioned since the start of 2023 and added that the company’s target is to produce 13.5bcm this year, and 14bcm in 2024.
He explained the company’s priority was to
bolster local production not only by increasing
Naftogaz’ own output but also by supporting
As Ukraine banned the export of locally produced gas at the start of war, Naftogaz stepped in to buy volumes from independent companies, snapping up close to 1bcm since April.
He said the average purchase price has been $300/1000m3 (€26.50/MWh), which is just over €11.00/MWh lower than current spot TTF gas prices assessed by ICIS. Some EU traders said they expected Naftogaz to buy gas for the remaining weeks of September and for October but Chernyshov rejected the claims.
“Formally I can confirm that there will be no imports unless something dramatic happens, such as losses in our internal gas production,” he said.
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