LNG Markets Analysis

Asia spot LNG narrows spread to Europe

25 July 2018 | Alex Froley, ICIS LNG Analyst

 

East Asian spot LNG prices fell back from their summer highs over the four weeks from mid-June to mid-July, narrowing the previously wide spread between European and Asian gas markets. More cargoes were becoming available, with tenders from producers including Papua New Guinea’s PNG LNG and Russia’s Sakhalin, and a flurry of reload cargoes drawn from Europe to the east by the high spreads seen the previous month.

The ICIS East Asia Index (EAX) for August started the period at $11.500/MMBtu before falling to just over $10.000/MMBtu by the end of June, where it stabilised for a while, before drifting down further to $9.850/MMBtu on 13 July.

The South America Index (SAX) held strong as buyers looking for cargoes to meet winter demand in that region had to compete against east Asia. The SAX averaged $9.837/MMBtu across the period, compared with a $10.435/MMBtu average for the EAX. Middle East prices were also supported by competition for cargoes.

Global LNG markers for August

The Northwest Europe Index (NEX) held steady across the period, averaging at a lower $7.314/MMBtu. Pipeline gas markets were driving prices in Europe, rather than spot LNG. The spread between east Asia and Europe opened the four weeks at over $4.000/MMBtu, a strong incentive to reload cargoes from Europe to Asia, but narrowed over the course of the period to end at around $2.50/MMBtu. Reloads could still be workable at that level, but not as compelling.

Reloads from Europe

The Dutch Gate LNG facility has seen five cargoes reloaded from the terminal’s tanks since mid-May. These have headed to destinations including Jordan, Pakistan and China. Belgium’s Zeebrugge terminal reloaded a cargo on the 140,000 cubic metre (cbm) Arctic Voyager on 8 July that was delivered to Portugal. Iberian gas prices generally offer a premium to northern Europe, though not as wide a difference as between northern Europe and Asia. The French Dunkirk terminal reloaded a cargo onto the 160,000cbm Golar Celsius on 9 July.

France’s Atlantic coast Montoir terminal reloaded three cargoes between mid-June and mid-July, on the British Diamond, BW GDF Suez Brussels and the Golar Snow. The cargo on BP’s 152,000cbm British Diamond initially looked to be heading to South America before doubling back across the Atlantic for an alternative destination.

LNGEDGE thumbnail

On the Mediterranean coast, France’s Fos Cavaou terminal reloaded the 156,000cbm Wilpride on 18 June, which delivered to Pakistan, while the 170,000cbm Golar Tundra was in port for a reload in mid-July. Spain reloaded the 146,000cbm Maran Gas Coronis from Bilbao on 14 July and the 173,000cbm Maran Gas Amphipolis from Barcelona the next day.

In the UK, the 160,000cbm Lobito was in port at the Isle of Grain in mid-July for a reload.

Northern Sea Route opens

Russia’s Yamal LNG plant in the Arctic has now begun shipping cargoes east through the “Northern Sea Route” to China. This route is only open during the summer, and even then only to specially-strengthened ice-breaking tankers. The 172,000cbm Vladimir Rusanov and Eduard Toll both arrived at Jiangsu Rudong in China in mid-July. The similarly-sized Christophe de Margerie was following them, on a heading to Tangshan Caofeidian in China.

The Northern Sea Route should allow tankers from Yamal to reach Asia in roughly half the time of the alternative route, which involves an ice-breaker ship carrying the cargo to Europe, then switching onto another vessel for onward delivery through the Mediterranean and the Suez Canal.

A second 5.5mtpa production train is due on at Yamal this summer, with project partners hoping for a launch as early as August.

LNGEDGE thumbnail

LNG Edge shows (above) the route taken by the Vladimir Rusanov through the Northern Sea to China. This voyage took lasted from 25 June to 17 July, a total of 22 days. Below, the picture shows the earlier route taken by the Pskov to deliver a Yamal LNG cargo to Tianjin in China when the Northern Sea Route was still closed to shipping. The Pskov picked up the cargo from Zeebrugge on 2 May and reached China on 1 June, a total of 30 days. The cargo also had to be carried from Yamal to Zeebrugge, which took place on the Eduard Toll from 22 April to 1 May, giving a total journey time for this route of 40 days.

LNGEDGE thumbnail

Cameroon continues output

Cameroon became a new exporter of LNG this year, with a floating production unit offshore drawing on volumes from the Kribi field. The first cargo departed in mid-May and by mid-July the project was loading its fourth cargo, from what is only the world’s second operational floating LNG production unit.

Pakistan was seeking to delay some of its expected deliveries, due to lower-than-anticipated demand, sources said. The 160,000cbm Cool Explorer was initially expected to carry a cargo from Idku, Egypt, to Port Qasim, Pakistan, but then changed course away from Pakistan to wait near Sri Lanka for new orders instead.

LNGEDGE thumbnail

Meanwhile, the new-in-service 173,000cbm BW Lilac, on charter to BP, had a long journey for its first voyage. It set sail with a cargo from Trinidad and Tobago on 1 May, heading to the Middle East. However, a change of circumstances meant it could no longer deliver there, and the ship then returned back across the Atlantic to deliver to Bahia Blanca in Argentina on 14 July instead, a two-and-a-half month delivery.

by alex.froley@icis.com

About the Analyst


Alex Froley
LNG Analyst, Global, ICIS
alex.froley@icis.com
Alex Froley follows the global LNG markets as an analyst at energy markets information provider ICIS. As well as following the latest market trends in pricing and trade flows, he is working on the development of new features for the company’s analytics platform LNG Edge.

Alex has over fifteen years’ experience in the wholesale energy markets, with a particular focus on European gas and electricity trading and the rapidly-expanding market for spot LNG. He has worked as a price reporter assessing markets including the UK NBP and Dutch TTF gas markets, the German electricity market and Asian LNG and has been responsible for real-time news, daily and fortnightly publications about the natural gas industry. He has also worked as a European gas analyst tracking supply and demand data for gas flows across Europe.

About ICIS

ICIS is the world’s largest petrochemical market information provider, with divisions spanning energy and fertilizers. Our aim is to give companies in global commodities markets a competitive advantage by delivering valuable information and analytics tools which enable our customers to identify and react to opportunities in markets which are constantly evolving. We have more than 30 years’ experience of providing pricing intelligence and news, forecast data, market analytics and independent consulting to buyers, sellers and analysts.

With a global staff of more than 600, ICIS has employees based in London, Houston, New York, Singapore, Dubai, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Beijing, Mumbai, Tokyo, Karlsruhe, and Milan. ICIS’s team of journalists is engaged in reporting market prices and news, and ICIS is fully committed to upholding the highest journalistic principles of verification, corroboration and authentication. ICIS has a compliance framework that along with its methodologies and business processes adheres to the requirements of the IOSCO PRA Principles.  

ICIS is a division of Reed Business Information, part of Reed Elsevier Plc.

 
STAY ON TOP OF LNG NEWS. FOLLOW US
 
 
 

LNG Market Intelligence Solution

Get the whole picture with the most trusted source for worldwide LNG pricing, data, news and analysis in real time

Request a free trial

ICIS East Asia Index (EAX) and Middle East North Africa Index (MENAX)

Unique LNG price points, providing users with daily tradable prices for spot LNG delivered into East Asia, and Middle East and North Africa respectively.

Request a free trial

LNG prices, news, analysis and real-time tracking

Daily and weekly reports

price reports

Report names:
LNG Markets Daily
Global LNG Markets

ICIS publishes the most extensive list of global LNG spot price assessments (22 DES, 12 FOB, East Asia index), historical prices, charter rates and availability, together with daily news, market alerts and industry analysis.

historical prices

Request a free trial

Expertise in the China LNG markets

Expertise in the China LNG markets

ICIS provides unparalleled pricing and market intelligence for China’s LNG/natural gas markets. Our reports coverage include LNG China import and domestic prices, supply-demand data, investment opportunities in China, local legislations and more. 

Request a free trial