Chemical projects due to come on stream in the Middle East

The final countdown

03 December 2007 00:00  [Source: ICB]

The Middle East offers huge feedstock advantages, while being strategically positioned for export opportunities. Engineering, procurement and construction costs continue to escalate, but for all the talk of  lengthy delays and labor shortages , the Middle East is a hive of activity. Countless projects are due to come onstream in the coming years

Andy Brice/London


The Kuwait Olefins Co. (TKOC), which is a joint venture project between Petrochemical Industries Co. of Kuwait and Dow Chemical, is building a new ethylene and derivatives complex in Shuaiba. The project - known as Olefins II - should be complete towards the end of next year.


The Jam Petrochemical Co. (JPC) massive cracker project in Assaluyeh, Iran, is due to start up at the beginning of 2008 after a spate of lengthy delays.

JPC, a subsidiary of Iran's National Petrochemical Co., has repeatedly postponed the project's start-up, blaming limited funds and a lack of skilled manpower in the region. The cracker was originally expected to be completed toward the end of 2005.

When complete, the site will produce some 1.32m tonnes/year of ethylene and 305,000 tonnes/year of propylene.

The JPC project also includes a high density polyethylene (HDPE) unit, an HDPE/linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) unit and a polypropylene (PP) unit. Each has a capacity of 300,000 tonnes/year.


Back in May, Dow Chemical and state oil company Saudi Aramco announced a memorandum of understanding to build, own and operate the Ras Tanura integrated project in Saudi Arabia.

The much-publicized project is set to be the world's largest petrochemical complex, involving 30 worldscale petrochemical plants. Located in Ras Tanura, it will be integrated with Aramco's 550,000 bbl/day refinery site and its Ju'aymah gas processing plant.

It is expected to come onstream in 2012 at a total cost of around $20bn (€14.8bn).


When completed in early 2009, the Rabigh Refining & Petrochemical (Petro Rabigh) project in Saudi Arabia will be home to an 18.4m tonne/year refinery and a cracker capable of producing 1.3m and 900,000 tonnes/year of ethylene and propylene respectively.

The complex will also produce 700,000 tonnes/year of polypropylene (PP), 350,000 tonnes/year of linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE), 300,000 tonnes/year of high density polyethylene (HDPE), and 250,000 tonnes/year of easy processing polyethylene (EPPE).

The 50/50 joint venture between state-owned Saudi Aramco and Sumitomo Chemical has announced plans to launch an initial public offering of 25% of its shares early next year.


Mid-2008 will see the start-up of the Eastern Petrochemical (Sharq) cracker and derivative plants at Al-Jubail, Saudi Arabia.

The facilities include a 1.3m tonne/year cracker, a 700,000 tonne/year monoethylene glycol (MEG) unit, 400,000 tonne/year linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) unit and a 400,000 tonne/year high density polyethylene (HDPE) plant.

Sharq is a 50/50 joint venture between SABIC and Japanese consortium SPDC.


Borouge, a joint venture between Borealis and ADNOC, is building a new 1.5m tonne/year cracker at Ruwais, United Arab Emirates.

The project, which is slated for commissioning in the first half of 2010, includes 540,000 tonnes/year of polyethylene (PE) and 800,000 tonnes/year of polypropylene (PP) capacity.

It will be the first facility in the region to use ethane to make PP, and will house the world's largest metathesis and dimerisation units.


Product Company Location Capacity Onstream Status
PP Oriental Petrochemicals Co. Egypt 200,000 Post-2007 study
Propylene Egyptian Propylene and Suez, Egypt 400,000 Q2 2010 engineering
PP Polypropylene Co. 400,000 Q2 2010 engineering
Propylene Esfahan Oil Refining Co. Iran 190,000 Mid-2009 planned
Ethylene Gachsaran Petrochemical Iran 1m Post-2010 construction
PE Arya Sasol Polymers Co. Assaluyeh, Iran 300,000 2010 study
Ethylene Bakhtar Petrochemical Co. Assaluyeh, Iran 2.4m Post-2010 study
Ethylene Jam Petrochemical Co. (JPC) Assaluyeh, Iran 1.32m Q1 2008 construction
Propylene 305,000 Q1 2008 construction
PP JPC/Sadra Assaluyeh, Iran 300,000 Q2 2008 construction
Ethylene Morvarid Petrochemical Co. Assaluyeh, Iran 500,000 2009-10 engineering
Propylene 38,000 2009-10 engineering
Ethylene Ilam Petrochemical Co. Chovar,Iran 500,000 2010 study
Propylene 140,000 2010 study
PP Petrochemical Industries Co. Kuwait 160,000 H2 2008 planned
Ethylene The Kuwait Olefins Co. Shuaiba, Kuwait 850,000 H2 2008 construction
Ethylene ExxonMobil Chemical/Qatar Petroleum Ras Laffan, Qatar 1.3m 2012 study
Ethylene Ras Laffan Olefins Co. Ras Laffan, Qatar 1.3m Q1 2009 construction
Ethylene Shell Chemicals/Qatar Petroleum Ras Laffan, Qatar 1.25m 2011-12 pending
Ethylene Qatar Petrochemical Co. Mesaieed, Qatar 720,000 H2 2007 construction
PE Q-Chem II Mesaieed, Qatar 350,000 Q1 2009 construction
Propylene Advanced Polypropylene Co. Saudi Arabia 455,000 Q1 2008 construction
Propylene 450,000 Post-2009 study
PP 450,000 Q1 2008 construction
Ethylene Saudi Kayan Petrochemical Co. Saudi Arabia 1.35m 2010 construction
Propylene 550,000 2010 engineering
PP 450,000 Q4 2009 engineering
Ethylene Saudi Ethylene and Polyethylene Co. Saudi Arabia 1m Q4 2008 construction
Propylene 285,000 Q4 2008 construction
Propylene Al-Waha Petrochemical Co. Al-Jubail, 460,000 Q1 2009 engineering
PP Saudi Arabia 450,000 Q1 2009 construction
Ethylene Arabian Petrochemical (Petrokemya) 960,000 Q1 2009 engineering
Ethylene Jubail Chevron Phillips Co. Al-Jubail, 300,000 Q1 2008 construction
Propylene Saudi Arabia 150,000 Q1 2008 construction
Ethylene Eastern Petrochemical (Sharq) Al-Jubail, 1.3m Q3 2008 construction
Propylene Saudi Arabia 200,000 Q3 2008 construction
PP Saudi Polyolefins Co. Al-Jubail, Saudi Arabia Q1 2009 study
PP Saudi-European Petrochemical Al-Jubail, 500,000 Q3 2008 construction
Propylene (Ibn Zahr) Saudi Arabia 150,000 2009 planned
Ethylene Rabigh Refining and Petrochemical Co. Rabigh, 1.3m H1 2009 construction
Propylene (Petro Rabigh) Saudi Arabia 900,000 H1 2009 construction
PP 700,000 H1 2009 construction
Ethylene Ras Tanura Integrated Ras Tanura, 1.2m 2012 study
Propylene Petrochemical Co. Saudi Arabia 400,000 2012 study
Propylene National Propylene (Alfasel) Yanbu, Saudi Arabia 420,000 Q1 2008 planned
PP Teldene Yanbu, Saudi Arabia 420,000 Q1 2008 construction
Ethylene Yanbu National Petrochemical Yanbu, Saudi Arabia 1.3m Q2 2008 construction
Propylene (YanSab) 400,000 Q2 2008 construction
PP 400,000 Q2 2008 construction
Ethylene Borouge Ruwais, UAE 1.5m 2010 engineering
Propylene 800,000 May-10 engineering
PP 800,000 2010 engineering
Propylene - 2012 study

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