18 April 2013 17:19 [Source: ICIS news]
HOUSTON (ICIS)--Fertilizer explosions such as the one that occurred Wednesday night at a plant in West, ?xml:namespace>
Several explosions involving ammonia and ammonium nitrate have occurred around the world in the past 100 years, many with deadly consequences. One of the worst was just a few hundred miles down the road from Wednesday’s explosion.
On 16 April 1947 in
A second docked ship caught fire from the explosion and was towed about 100 feet from the docks before it exploded 16 hours later on 17 April 1947.
The first explosion killed 26
A monument to the first ship says that 576 people in all were killed in the 1947
The entire dock area was destroyed along with a Monsanto facility, grain warehouses and numerous oil and chemical storage tanks.
The explosion flung fragments of iron, ship’s cargo parts and dock equipment into businesses, houses and public buildings, and it caused a 15 ft (4.5m) tidal wave that crashed into the dock as well.
More recently, the explosion of a 300-tonne stockpile of ammonium nitrate at a fertilizer plant in
The explosion at the plant, which was owned by a Total subsidiary, caused a crater nearly 5m deep and 50m in diameter.
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