Butadiene - C4s Prices, markets & analysis
With a network of price reporters across Asia, Europe and the US, ICIS is fully equipped to keep you updated on everything that happens in the global Butadiene - C4s market, whether you buy or sell Butadiene - C4s or related products.
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Butadiene C4s Overview
Butadiene is a gas and belongs to the olefin group of petrochemicals.
It is a very versatile raw material and is used to make synthetic rubbers, polymer resins and a wide variety of other chemical intermediates.
The largest uses for butadiene are as a feedstock for styrene butadiene rubber (SBR) and butadiene rubber (BR), both components in the tyre industry. It’s also used to make acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) which also has a wide variety of uses in the automotive sector amongst others.
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Butadiene - C4s: Market overview
Updated to Q4 2014
The fourth quarter of 2014 should see downward price pressure on butadiene (BD) in all three regions, on oversupply and subdued demand.
In Asia, BD spot prices may fall in the fourth quarter as producers and traders will be clearing stocks before the fiscal year-end. A slowing Chinese economy will dampen market sentiment and weigh on demand. The key Chinese market is a major importer of BD, but downstream synthetic rubber plants in China are expected to maintain reduced run rates, given the bearish market sentiment.
In Europe, BD market players expect weak supply and demand balance throughout the fourth quarter, but it is expected to be accompanied by cracker maintenances and ongoing light feedstock cracking. European BD producers are likely to counteract any building length by co-cracking crude C4 (CC4) to a greater extent. Sources expect the usual year-end working capital considerations to be present from the start of the quarter as a raft of weak economic data influences buying strategies.
The US BD market is expected to remain steady-to-weak on weak demand from the primary consumption markets, particularly synthetic rubber. Weak buying in the recent months has led to declining prices.
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Butadiene/Crude C4 Methodology
About Butadiene - C4s
Butadiene is a colourless, non corrosive liquefied gas with a mild aromatic or gasoline-like odour. It is slightly soluble in water, more soluble in methanol and ethanol, and soluble in most common organic solvents such as acetone, ether, benzene, and cyclohexane. It readily polymerises in the presence of sodium or oxygen.
Butadiene is used to produce synthetic rubbers and polymer resins, as well as a few chemical intermediates. The largest uses are styrene butadiene rubber (SBR) and polybutadiene rubber (BR), mostly used in tyres and automobiles.
The major source of butadiene is as a byproduct in the steam cracking of naphtha and gas oil to make ethylene and propylene. The butadiene is extracted from the C4 cracker stream using extractive distillation.
Other uses include acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) resins, styrene-butadiene latex and block copolymers, nitrile rubber, and adiponitrile (ADN).
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Butadiene - C4s
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