Butadiene - C4s Prices, markets & analysis
With a network of price reporters across Asia, Europe and the US, ICIS is fully equipped to keep you updated on everything that happens in the global Butadiene - C4s market, whether you buy or sell Butadiene - C4s or related products.
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Butadiene C4s Overview
Butadiene is a gas and belongs to the olefin group of petrochemicals.
It is a very versatile raw material and is used to make synthetic rubbers, polymer resins and a wide variety of other chemical intermediates.
The largest uses for butadiene are as a feedstock for styrene butadiene rubber (SBR) and butadiene rubber (BR), both components in the tyre industry. It’s also used to make acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) which also has a wide variety of uses in the automotive sector amongst others.
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Upstream of Butadiene - C4s
Butadiene - C4s
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Butadiene - C4s: Market overview
Updated to Q1 2015
The butadiene (BD) market is expected to remain soft throughout the first quarter in all three regions, primarily on the back of lacklustre demand from the main derivative sector, synthetic rubber.
The European and US markets will remain steady-to-soft largely as supply will outweigh demand. In Europe, BD is structurally long but this has been offset to some extent by the absence of volumes from Shell’s Moerdijk, Netherlands unit, and spot demand from domestic consumers who offer better netbacks compared with the export market. In the US, the supply length is expected at least until mid-quarter when a major consumer is expected to be back online.
The Asian market is more uncertain because of the recent sharp falls in crude oil and naphtha prices as well as the difficulties in predicting demand needs in a slowing Chinese economy. However, cuts in production output and the anticipated strength in demand ahead of the Lunar New Year which falls on 19 February, could see the market rebound.
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Butadiene/Crude C4 Methodology
About Butadiene - C4s
Butadiene is a colourless, non corrosive liquefied gas with a mild aromatic or gasoline-like odour. It is slightly soluble in water, more soluble in methanol and ethanol, and soluble in most common organic solvents such as acetone, ether, benzene, and cyclohexane. It readily polymerises in the presence of sodium or oxygen.
Butadiene is used to produce synthetic rubbers and polymer resins, as well as a few chemical intermediates. The largest uses are styrene butadiene rubber (SBR) and polybutadiene rubber (BR), mostly used in tyres and automobiles.
The major source of butadiene is as a byproduct in the steam cracking of naphtha and gas oil to make ethylene and propylene. The butadiene is extracted from the C4 cracker stream using extractive distillation.
Other uses include acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) resins, styrene-butadiene latex and block copolymers, nitrile rubber, and adiponitrile (ADN).
Upstream of Butadiene - C4s
Butadiene - C4s
Downstream of Butadiene - C4s