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Energy commodities we cover

With over 10,000 market insights every year, ICIS offers a global perspective on interconnected energy markets, referencing weather, shipping, chemicals, fertilizers and more. To learn more about the solutions we offer for each of the commodities below, please click on the relevant link.

Crude oil & refined products

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Natural gas

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LNG (Liquefied natural gas)

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Power & renewables

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Carbon

Understand the evolving European carbon landscape and reduce carbon price exposure with ICIS, the leader in carbon market intelligence.

Hydrogen

Lead the way to a traded hydrogen market with trusted, data-driven analysis of market-forming activities and unrivalled interactive analytics.

ICIS Energy Foresight podcast

Hear an expert view on the longer term trends impacting energy markets.

ICIS Hydrogen Insights podcast

Hear experts from around the world discuss topics including policy developments, regulation, supply, demand and cost of production.

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Capitalise on opportunity and minimise exposure, with news and in-depth analysis of the key events impacting energy markets.

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ICIS Energy Foresight

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Energy news

Singapore March petrochemical exports fall 3.6%; NODX slumps 20.7%

SINGAPORE (ICIS)–Singapore's petrochemical shipments in March fell by 3.6% year on year to Singapore dollar (S$) 1.16 billion ($853 million), extending the 2% contraction in the previous month and weighing on overall non-oil domestic exports (NODX), official data showed on Wednesday. March non-electronic NODX down 23.2% year on year March manufacturing PMIs show continued expansion Singapore economy forecast to grow 1.0-3.0% in 2024 Overall exports of chemicals and chemical products in March fell by 37% year on year to S$3.54 billion, reversing the 5.8% expansion in February, Enterprise Singapore said in a statement. The country's NODX for the month fell by 20.7% – a much steeper decline from February’s 0.2% contraction – to S$14 billion because of a high base a year ago, with shipments to most major trading partners posting declines. March non-electronic NODX, which includes petrochemicals and pharmaceuticals, fell by 23.2% year on year to S$11.2 billion. Overall NODX to seven out of Singapore's top 10 markets fell in March, but shipments to Hong Kong, Taiwan and China rose. Singapore is a major manufacturer and exporter of petrochemicals in southeast Asia. Its petrochemicals hub Jurong Island houses more than 100 global chemical firms, including energy majors ExxonMobil and Shell. In the first quarter, the country’s economy grew by 2.7% year on year in the first quarter, accelerating slightly from the 2.2% expansion in the preceding quarter, according to official advance estimates. On a quarter-on-quarter seasonally adjusted basis, Singapore’s economy expanded by 0.1%, extending the 1.2% expansion in Q4. The manufacturing sector in Q1 grew by 0.8% year on year, moderating from the 1.4% expansion in the previous quarter. "Within the sector, output expansions in the chemicals, precision engineering and transport engineering clusters more than offset output contractions in the electronics, biomedical manufacturing and general manufacturing clusters," the Ministry of Trade and Industry (MTI) said. For the whole of 2024, Singapore's economy is expected to expand by 1.0-3.0%, compared with actual GDP growth of 1.1% growth in 2023, the ministry said. Manufacturing activity in Singapore improved in March, with the Singapore Institute of Purchasing and Materials Management (SIPMM) purchasing managers' index (PMI) inching up to 50.7, marking the seventh straight month of expansion. In contrast, a separate survey of private manufacturers by financial information and services provider S&P Global showed Singapore’s March PMI eased to 55.7 from 56.8 in February. Focus article by Nurluqman Suratman Thumbnail image: Singapore harbour and the Marina Bay Sands Hotel, 16 March 2023. (Franz Neumeier/imageBROKER/Shutterstock) ($1 = S$1.36)

17-Apr-2024

LOGISTICS: Maersk to resume Panama Canal transits for OC1 service on 10 May

HOUSTON (ICIS)–Global container shipping major Maersk will resume Panama Canal transits for its OC1 service beginning 10 May, ending its “two-loop” setup it established in January because of transit restrictions brought on by a persistent drought. Maersk ceased transiting the canal in January for the service connecting Asia-Pacific and the US East Coast and instead transported containers across Panama using railroads. The company said it is taking the action because of the onset of the rainy season in the region and after the Panama Canal Authority (PCA) added three more daily slots based on the present and projected water levels in Gatun Lake. The PCA said it is optimistic that traffic through the canal could return to normal in 2025 as current forecasts indicate that steady rainfall will arrive later this month and continue during the rainy season. The PCA said all future plans remain contingent on how much rainfall comes and water levels in Gatun Lake. Peter Sand, chief analyst at ocean and freight rate analytics firm Xeneta, said he thinks there is still a long way to go before trade lanes via the Panama Canal become normal. “There may be projections for increased rainfall but at the moment they are just that – projections,” Sand said. “If water levels do not rise then it will be interesting to see how this plays out and whether Maersk can stick to this timeline.” Container ships and costs for shipping containers are relevant to the chemical industry because while most chemicals are liquids and are shipped in tankers, container ships transport polymers, such as polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP), which are shipped in pellets. Some liquid chemicals are also shipped on container ships using isotanks. Please see the Logistics: Impact on chemicals and energy topic page

16-Apr-2024

VIDEO: European gas insight outlook week 16

LONDON (ICIS)–Gas in Focus deputy editor Marta Del Buono talks about key drivers for the current weeks affecting European gas market: Increasing geopolitical tensions support European gas prices ICIS technical analysis also indicates bullish sentiment across commodities Below average temperatures and below solar generation in Germany add support

16-Apr-2024

ICIS EXPLAINS: Are cyberattacks a growing threat to energy companies?

LONDON (ICIS)–As cyber threats are intensifying, many energy utilities, producers and suppliers divert cash needed to develop new projects or prepare for the energy transition to boosting cyber defences. In this free paper , ICIS’ energy and cross-commodity expert Aura Sabadus and senior market reporter Rob Dalton highlight the risks by discussing three recent cases where companies or organisations in the energy sector were the target of cyberattacks and which illustrate the dangers facing the industry. The paper concludes with remarks related to the safeguards that could be introduced to boost cybersecurity.

16-Apr-2024

ICIS ANALYTICS: South Korean LNG data and ICIS forecast shows high LNG stocks

South Korea LNG storage levels healthy Official data from January ICIS estimates for March SINGAPORE (ICIS)–South Korea LNG inventories were estimated at 5.1m tonnes in March 2024, according to ICIS data, a healthy level that has benefited from weak LNG consumption, rising power generation from alternative fuels and renewables and a mild winter. The estimates also align with the KESIS monthly energy statistics released this week that showed January at 4.5m tonnes, 16% higher than the same month last year, and 50% above the five-years-average. For the March estimate by ICIS, 19% of LNG imports were stored in the tank for winter gas supply security purposes. In November 2023, state-run KOGAS and private LNG importers vowed to actively cooperate and ensure no disruption of LNG-to-power generation until the end of winter in March 2024.

16-Apr-2024

PODCAST: How will Norway's piped gas exports shape up over the next decade?

LONDON (ICIS)–Energy market reporter Amun Govil Lie sits down with relationship manager Pål Rasmussen from Gassco to discuss gas transport infrastructure on the Norwegian Continental Shelf, what the future holds for Norwegian gas exports to Europe, opportunities for hydrogen transport and the risks of sabotage on critical infrastructure.

15-Apr-2024

Americas top stories: weekly summary

HOUSTON (ICIS)–Here are the top stories from ICIS News from the week ended 12 April. Oil slumps by more than $2/bbl on Israel-Hamas ceasefire hopes Oil prices fell by more than $2/barrel on Monday amid easing tensions in the Middle East after Israel further withdrew troops from southern Gaza and signalled a willingness to resume ceasefire talks with Palestinian militant group Hamas. EPA’s final rule on US chem plant emissions could weigh on EO production – ACC The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) finalized a rule on Tuesday aimed at reducing hazardous air pollutants from chemical plants, which some think could weigh on production of key chemistries and could lead to higher costs being passed through to consumers. INVISTA to explore alternatives for nylon fibers business INVISTA plans to explore strategic alternatives for its nylon fibers business and has engaged Barclays as exclusive financial advisor during the exploration process, the US-based manufacturer of chemical intermediates, polymers and fibers said in a statement late on Tuesday. US East Coast PET bale prices steadily rise amid snug supply, rising beverage demand Despite historic patterns, East Coast polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottle bale prices have risen only slightly and very steadily over the last several weeks. Crude demand expectations fall for 2024 as trends shift back to pre-COVID pattern – IEA The International Energy Agency (IEA) on Friday cut crude oil demand forecasts for the year, with rates expected to fall further next year as consumption returns to the pre-COVID-19 trend, increasing the odds of a peak in oil consumption this decade, the agency said. Argentina’s inflation up to 288% in March, but central bank cuts rates on ‘pronounced slowdown’ Argentina’s annual rate of inflation rose to 287.9% in March, up from 276% in February, the country’s statistical agency Indec said on Friday.

15-Apr-2024

Oil eases despite Iran attacks on Israel; Asian bourses rattled

SINGAPORE (ICIS)–Oil prices eased on Monday as Iran’s attacks on Israel over the weekend were largely priced in by the market, according to analysts, but Asian equities tumbled amid concerns over recent escalation of geopolitical tensions in the Middle East. Product ($/barrel)  Latest (02:33 GMT) Previous Change Brent June 90.24 90.45 -0.21 WTI May 85.33 85.66 -0.33 Concerns over a wide regional conflict in the Middle East sent Japan's benchmark Nikkei 225 index falling by 1%, South Korea's KOSPI slipping by 1.69% and Hong Kong's Hang Seng index declining by 0.79%, as of 02:45 GMT. "The [oil] market had already priced in some form of attack, while limited damage and no loss of life means the potential for a more measured response from Israel," Dutch banking and financial services provider ING said in a note on Monday. "While Iran considers the altercation 'concluded', markets will have to wait to see how Israel responds." Israel's five-member war cabinet convened on 14 April to deliberate on potential responses, but no decision was reached due to disagreements over the timing and scale of any action, according to news agency Reuters. Iran launched on 13 April missile and drone attack on Israel involving over 300 projectiles. Of the 170 drones and 30 cruise missiles launched by Iran, none entered Israeli territory, while a small number of 110 ballistic missiles reached Israel, Israel military spokesman – rear admiral Daniel Hagari said in a televised statement. Oil benchmarks had climbed on 12 April to their highest levels since October as players were anticipating Iran’s retaliatory strike on Israel, which the Middle East country blames for fatal strikes at its embassy in Damascus, Syria on 1 April. Israel has neither confirmed nor denied involvement in the incident. Worries over tightening global supply, as well as possible supply disruption amid escalation of regional conflict in the Middle East, have been driving up crude prices since late last year. Iran had stated that its actions were in response to an attack on an Iranian diplomatic facility in Damascus which killed a high-ranking member of Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guards and eight other officers. For the week ended 12 April, however, crude prices shed around 1% after the International Energy Agency (IEA) revised down its global oil demand growth forecast to 1.2 million barrels/day from 1.3 million barrels/day previously. SUPPLY RISKS REMAIN Meanwhile, the US might intensify its sanctions on Iran, potentially leading to a reduction in oil supply ranging from 500,000 to 1 million barrels per day and keep the oil market in a deficit for the rest of the year, according to ING. Iran pumps a little over 3m barrels/day of oil currently and is the fourth largest producer within OPEC. There is also the risk that Israel’s response includes targeting Iranian energy infrastructure, which could translate to even more significant supply losses. "Finally, if we were to see further escalation, there is the risk that Iran would attempt to disrupt or block oil flows through the Strait of Hormuz, through which roughly 20 million barrels per day of oil moves," ING said. Amid potential significant supply disruptions, the US could tap into its strategic petroleum reserves to mitigate any shortfall, according to ING. Additionally, OPEC holds over 5 million barrels/day of unused production capacity, which could be activated if needed, it said. Should oil prices surge due to supply losses, it is expected that OPEC would utilize some of this spare capacity to stabilize the market, ING said. OPEC and its allies (OPEC+) are due to meet on 1 June in Vienna, Austria to discuss output policy. The group has maintained their output cuts up to end-June. "While risks are clearly elevated, which should keep oil prices relatively well supported, oil supply remains intact for now," ING added. Focus article by Nurluqman Suratman Thumbnail image: Flares from explosions in the sky over Jerusalem as Israel's Iron Dome anti-missile system intercepts missiles and drones from Iran on 14 April 2024. (Xinhua/Shutterstock)

15-Apr-2024

LOGISTICS: Asia-US container rates fall; tanker rates stable to softer; bridge collapse causing delays

HOUSTON (ICIS)–Shipping container rates continue to fall, liquid chemical tanker rates are stable to softer, and the bridge collapse at the Port of Baltimore has led to longer delivery times for imports, highlighting this week’s logistics roundup. CONTAINER RATES Rates for shipping containers from east Asia and China to the US continue to fall along with average global rates as capacity remains ample to handle the longer routes as commercial vessels continue to avoid the Suez Canal. Supply chain advisors Drewry said average rates ticked lower this week but remain 64% higher than the same week a year ago, as shown in the following chart. Rates from Asia to the US and Europe have also continued to fall, as shown in the following chart. Drewry said it expects a minor decrease in Transpacific spot rates and for stability along the Transatlantic and Asia-Europe trade lanes. Judah Levine, head of research at online freight shipping marketplace and platform provider Freightos, said rates along the US East Coast have fallen since the collapse of the Key Bridge in Baltimore, which signals to him that regional container traffic continues to flow. Levine said downward pressure will continue because of soft demand and it being the slow season for container trade, but that if threats persist in the Red Sea and commercial vessels continue to divert away from the Suez Canal, prices will remain above normal. Container ships and costs for shipping containers are relevant to the chemical industry because while most chemicals are liquids and are shipped in tankers, container ships transport polymers, such as polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP), which are shipped in pellets. They also transport liquid chemicals in isotanks. PORT OF BALTIMORE The Unified Command (UC) continues to remove containers from the Dali and clear wreckage from the collapsed bridge at the entrance to the Port of Baltimore. Source: Key Bridge Response 2024 While the closure of the port has not had a direct impact on the flow of chemicals, a market participant in Ohio said it is seeing delays in delivery times for imports as vessels originally destined to offload in Baltimore are getting re-routed to other ports. The US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) expects to open a limited access channel 280 feet wide and 35 feet deep by the end of April, and are aiming to reopen the permanent, 700-foot-wide by 50-foot-deep federal navigation channel by the end of May, restoring port access to normal capacity. As of 11 April, approximately 38 containers have been removed, the UC said, which is necessary for safe access to them begin removing the segments of the fallen bridge that lie across the ship’s bow. While marine traffic is still limited, 69 vessels have transited through since the creation of the temporary alternate channels. LIQUID CHEM TANKERS US liquid chemical tanker freight rates as assessed by ICIS held mostly steady this week – except from the US Gulf Coast (USG) to India. There is downward pressure on rates along the USG-Asia trade lane as several outsiders have come on berth for both April and May, adding to the available tonnage for completion cargos. On the other hand, rates from the USG to Rotterdam were steady this week even as space is limited and there are no outsiders on berth. Contract tonnage continues to prevail, with continued interest in styrene, MTBE and ethanol. There has been activity on the spot market, but owners are still working with COA customers to finalize their needs before committing to others. For the USG to South America trade lane rates remain steady with several inquiries for methanol widely viewed in the market. PANAMA CANAL Wait times for non-booked vessels ready for transit edged higher both directions this week, according to the Panama Canal Authority (PCA) vessel tracker and as shown in the following image. Wait times last week were 0.8 days for northbound traffic and 0.8 days for southbound traffic. Please see the Logistics: Impact on chemicals and energy topic page With additional reporting by Emily Friedman and Kevin Callahan

12-Apr-2024

Crude demand expectations fall for 2024 as trends shift back to pre-COVID pattern – IEA

LONDON (ICIS)–The International Energy Agency (IEA) on Friday cut crude oil demand forecasts for the year, with rates expected to fall further next year as consumption returns to the pre-COVID-19 trend, increasing the odds of a peak in oil consumption this decade, the agency said. The IEA expects crude demand growth to average 1.2 million barrels/day this year, an increase from October projections of 900,000 barrels/day but a decline from the 1.3 million barrels/day projected in its monthly oil market report in March. This level of growth is expected to slow next year to 1.1 million barrels/day, representing a shift back to the trajectory of crude demand before the pandemic, increasing the chances that global demand will peak this decade, according to the agency. “Global oil demand growth is currently in the midst of a slowdown… bringing a peak in consumption into view this decade,” said Toril Bosoni, IEA head of oil industry, and markets and oil market analyst Ciaran Healy. “This is primarily the result of a normalization of growth following the disruptions of 2020-2023, when oil markets were shaken by the COVID-19 pandemic and then the global energy crisis sparked by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine,” they added. Global crude oil demand 2011-25 (Source: IEA) Increasing fuel efficiency standards and electric vehicles comprising a larger chunk of the auto market are also affecting the rate of oil demand growth, the IEA added. Crude supply growth is expected to average 770,000 barrels/day this year, led by non-OPEC sources, particularly the US, offsetting a projected 820,0000 barrel/day decline year on year from OPEC+ cuts. Production growth could firm to 1.6 million barrels/day next year. Despite the projected demand declines this year, compared with growth of 2.3 million barrels/day in 2023, pricing has risen sharply in recent weeks, up by $8/barrel from early March to more than $90/barrel this week, on heightened geopolitical tensions and the prospect of a tighter supply-demand balance this year. “Russian refinery outages added to product market unease, while OPEC+ put pressure on some countries to increase compliance with agreed voluntary production cuts through Q2 2024,” the IEA said in its latest monthly oil market report. “Escalating oil supply security concerns are set against a backdrop of solid global oil demand growth of 1.6 million barrels/day in the first quarter and a more upbeat outlook for the global economy,” the agency added. In its latest oil forecast released this week, OPEC left GDP and crude demand growth expectations unchanged at 2.8% and 2.2 million barrels/day respectively. Thumbnail photo: An oil pump jack at the Vaca Muerta shale oil and gas play, Argentina. Source: Matias Baglietto/NurPhoto/Shutterstock 

12-Apr-2024

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