Ethylene vinyl acetate Prices, markets & analysis
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Ethylene vinyl acetate Overview Transcript
Ethylene vinyl acetate, also known as EVA, is a plastic product derived from the copolymerisation of ethylene with vinyl acetate.
EVA’s main advantages include its properties of clarity and toughness, along with strong flexibility and ability to withstand low temperatures. It also has good tear resistance.
The main uses for EVA are in the manufature of stretch film for shrink wrapping, protective strips, sports shoe soles, sandals, slippers and disposable medical equipment. It is also used as a coating for heat-sealing on polypropylene, polyethylene terephthalate and aluminium films. Other uses include insulating tubing and wire-coating.
In recent years supply of the lower EVA grades has been dwindling as producers focus production on grades with vinyl acetate content of above 30% in response to growing demand for this grade from the solar panel industry.
Supply and demand fundamentals drive Asia’s EVA prices. Demand has outstripped supply in recent years with strong interest from the downstream footwear sector and increasingly, the photovoltaic industry. Other key influences on the market include price trends of polyethylene because most EVA factories in Asia are EVA and PE swing plants
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Ethylene vinyl acetate: Market overview
Updated to Q3 2014
Prices of ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) with the lowest vinyl acetate (VA) content may be poised for a steady-to-soft trend in the third quarter on slow demand and ample supply. The onset of the low production season in the downstream footwear material sector in China and India in July and August as well as the start-up of Sipchem’s new 200,000 tonne/year EVA/low density polyethylene (LDPE) plant in Jubail Industrial City in July was expected to weigh on market sentiment. A downturn in the downstream photovoltaic industry in the second quarter likewise put a damper on the market sentiment. Downstream EVA encapsulant film/sheet makers remain hit by cash flow issues as these converters continue to face difficulties in collecting payments from downstream solar module manufacturers, according to market participants.
On the other hand, low inventories on the buyers’ side following cautious buying sentiment in the second quarter following the availability of competitively-priced South Korean products, coupled with certain EVA produces’ switch in production to agriculture film EVA grades or LDPE from foaming grade EVA may curtail supply and bolster EVA prices.
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Ethylene Vinyl Acetate Methodology
About Ethylene vinyl acetate
Ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) is a copolymer that is manufactured from ethylene and vinyl acetate monomer (VAM). The main advantages of EVA is that it has good toughness, flexibility, clarity and gloss, the ability to withstand low temperatures, and good tear resistance.
In packaging applications, the resins can be made into blown, extruded, cast and coextruded films, or blended with other resins. They can be moulded and extruded into soft plastic items such as hoses and tubes, formulated into hot melt adhesives, and used in plastic compounding, wire and cable insulation.
EVA is also used as a coating for heat sealing on polypropylene (PP), polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and aluminium films. A growing use for EVA is in solar cells as an encapsulation material.