China: One “Blink” And We Are Back To Normal

Business, China, Company Strategy, Economics, Olefins, Polyolefins

ChinaPepricing18Feb2014

By John Richardson

Temporary factors might be behind the weakness in China’s polyethylene (PE) market that has been highlighted by our colleagues at ICIS pricing. Last week, pricing in China was either flat or declined on bearish sentiment (see the above chart).

One temporary factor could be the traditional post-Lunar New Years shortage of workers in China’s manufacturing heartland.

As was the case last year, many thousands of workers are choosing not to return from their family homes in the countryside because of better job prospects back home and rising costs in China’s southern and eastern coastal provinces. Tight blue collar labour markets, the result of China’s one-child policy, are also enabling workers to be a lot more selective over wages and working conditions.

But a source with one global PE produced said that after each New Year break, it was  getting harder and harder for his customers to find enough workers to get their operations going again.

“Average operating rates at the converters that we have surveyed are lower than at the same point in time after the 2013 New Year break,” he added.

A question which, therefore, needs to be asked is: To what extent are these labour shortages a long-term issue? If more and more people are each year choosing to remain in their family homes, then logically the total supply of migrant workers is on the way down.

This article, from China’s government-run Xinhua wire service, which appeared on 11 February, provides some statistical weight to above argument.

It says that:

  • Labourers in Chongqing who chose to work in the city outnumbered those working outside the municipality for the first time in 2011 – and in early 2013, the difference exceeded one million.
  • In the central province of Henan, a staggering 3.86 million more people chose to work in the province rather than relocate in 2013.
  • The number of migrant workers in central and western regions grew more quickly than that in the east in 2012.
  • Also in 2012, the proportion of migrant labourers in the Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta fell by 0.5 and 0.3 percentage points respectively.

“Some of my customers have chosen to quit China for Vietnam because they are both struggling to find enough workers and afford much-higher salary and benefit packages,” said a source with a second PE producer.

Then there are, of course, the now increasingly well-documented concerns that China’s economy is slowing down as a result of the government’s determined efforts to rebalance the economy. We warned that this might happen late last year – and at that point flagged up that a key issue in 2014 would be credit availability.

“Some of my customers are struggling to open letters of credit (LCs). I am also hearing that Japanese traders are being much more careful about who they supply LCs to because of the increased risk of corporate failure,” added the source with the first PE producer.

And it is easy to find plenty of economic data pointing in the wrong direction.

“From falling power consumption to record-low steel prices, a clutch of indicators show sluggish investment and domestic demand are weighing on China’s $9.4 trillion economy, a worrying sign for some economists who are cutting their GDP forecasts for 2014 – which is unusual so early in the year,” wrote Reuters in this 17 February article.

“Just last week, steel prices slumped to a record low of 3,380 Yuan a tonne and iron ore prices dropped to a seven-month trough. Cement prices hit a two-month low of 350 Yuan a tonne in January, according to China Construction Bank.

“Analysts think much of the drop in demand is the result of provincial and local governments, who having chalked up at least $3 trillion in debt, meeting stricter orders from Beijing to cut graft and frivolous investment, including building flashy offices for themselves.”

But this might all be temporary again. The default position of many economists and financial analysts quoted in Bloomberg, Reuters etc is that Beijing will “blink”. They think that stimulus will be increased in order to achieve 2014 GDP growth of at least 7%.

But what happens to this China base case – which is also shared by  some polyolefin producers –  if Beijing doesn’t blink?

PREVIOUS POST

China: Do The Maths On 2014 GDP Growth

17/02/2014

By John Richardson DO the maths and you should be able to assess what could happ...

Learn more
NEXT POST

BBC: "How China Fooled The World"

19/02/2014

By John Richardson FOR the last three years, the blog has been asking people to ...

Learn more
More posts
China paraxylene and ethylene glycols apparent demand booms as real demand remains weak
13/08/2020

              All the numbers below are comparisons on a year-on-...

Read
Why a new stimulus deal could be critical for US polyethylene demand
11/08/2020

By John Richardson GOVERNMENT stimulus is crucial for protecting polyethylene (PE) markets in the We...

Read
China’s shift towards styrene self-sufficiency adds to pressure for new petrochemicals business model
09/08/2020

By John Richardson IT IS dead simple, apparently. All you have to do is find alternative geographica...

Read
Why a hard look at the data show China has not seen a V-shaped recovery
06/08/2020

          Note: All the data comparisons below are year-on-year By John Ric...

Read
China moves closer to Iran as tensions with the US build: Implications for petrochemicals
02/08/2020

By John Richardson Opinions and emotions and can shape how we interpret data, but, as we all know, o...

Read
China polyolefins market H1 review: so far so good, but beware of the risks ahead
30/07/2020

By John Richardson ALL looks fine in the polyolefins world. The Old Normal appears to have reasserte...

Read
Polyethylene market recovery could be threatened by slower China crude buying, weaker economic growth
28/07/2020

By John Richardson EVEN by China’s standards, where just about every number is eye-wateringly larg...

Read
Why the polypropylene industry must switch from volumes to value
26/07/2020

By John Richardson EVERYONE knows about the oversupply in the polyethylene (PE) market as it has bee...

Read

Market Intelligence

ICIS provides market intelligence that help businesses in the energy, petrochemical and fertilizer industries.

Learn more

Analytics

Across the globe, ICIS consultants provide detailed analysis and forecasting for the petrochemical, energy and fertilizer markets.

Learn more

Specialist Services

Find out more about how our specialist consulting services, events, conferences and training courses can help your teams.

Learn more

ICIS Insight

From our news service to our thought-leadership content, ICIS experts bring you the latest news and insight, when you need it.

Learn more