By John Richardson
US stock markets yesterday demonstrated their worst negative reaction to a US Federal rate rise since 1994. Asian equities also fell this morning in response to the Fed decision.
But you would be entirely wrong to conclude that all that needs to happen to return to the bull run is for the Fed to answer President Trump’s call and at least pause further rate rises, or perhaps even cut the cost of borrowing.
There is absolutely nothing the Fed can do to reverse events from hereon in, because, as I have been arguing since February of this year, the cutback in Chinese economic stimulus is the single-most important global economic event of 2018.
This is shaping lower economic growth outside the US and will be the biggest single driver of what I believe will be a global recession in 2019.
As the slide above details, China has hugely cut back on shadow lending – and it was China that delivered around 50% of total global economic stimulus between 2009 and 2017, mainly through the rise in shadow lending.
Don’t expect China to be able or willing to fully reverse course:
- It is highly debatable whether China has the financial firepower to repeat a global economic rescue act on this scale.
- Even if China does have the financial firepower, a repeat of the same stimulus would fail to deliver justifiably stronger GDP growth because of diminishing returns from more debt. In other words, another dose of the same stimulus wouldn’t deliver equivalent benefits to the global economy as it did in 2009-2017, from booming chemicals markets to soaring property prices in London and Sydney etc.
Lack of central bank cooperation
Then you need to consider that the exceptionally good cooperation between the world’s central banks that occurred during the Global Financial Crisis isn’t likely to happen again.
The European Central Bank is facing major pressure from Germany not to repeat bail outs of deficit-busting fellow EU members.
The EU is also preoccupied with the immediate strain of the Italian budget and a very good chance that in March next year, Britain will crash out of the EU with no Brexit deal.
This makes coordinated EU-wide action to stem a fall in financial markets unlikely.
Crucially, also, the animus in international relations makes a repeat of 2008 very unlikely.
Back to China: The worst has yet to come
Charlene Chu, a senior partner at Autonomous Research in Hong Kong, has led the way in accurately warning about the Chinese credit bubble.
She adds that the worst is yet to come for China because the negative credit figures have yet to show up in corporate earnings.
Chemicals companies must, as a result, prepare for a very difficult 2019.