Life doesn’t get any easier for Europe’s olefin producers and the consumers who depend on them. As the chart shows, based on latest APPE data, operating rates averaged just 78% in H1. This is almost as bad as H1 2009, when they were 76%. And it is a long way away from the 90% levels seen routinely until 2008. The detailed figures are almost more depressing:
- Ethylene production was just 9.3MT, versus the 10.3MT average seen between 2000-12
- Q2 production at 4.6MT was the lowest since 1998, lower even than 2009
- Q2 propylene production at 3.5MT was the lowest since 2002
- Butadiene production at 456KT was only 20KT above 2009, and otherwise the lowest since 1997
This dreadful situation may well continue, as long as central banks’ stimulus programmes continue to support oil prices at today’s unrealistic levels. Producers have little choice but to pass these prices down the chain, even though they cannot be absorbed by end-consumers. So volume and operating rates continue to make record lows.
There is also no easy solution within the industry’s control. Its feedstocks represent only a small proportion of refinery output, and so its destiny is heavily dependent on upstream developments. And European governments simply cannot allow many more refineries to close because of energy security risks:
- Europe is already over-dependent on diesel imports, for example – a precarious position, given that most cars run on diesel and not gasoline
- Meanwhile, Europe has developed a major gasoline surplus, which can no longer be easily exported to the New York Harbor market, due to lower US gasoline demand and the increased use of ethanol
Oil prices at today’s levels are thus the proverbial straw that potentially breaks the camel’s back as far as petchem producers are concerned.