“The dog ate my homework”: excuses for economic slowdown

Economic growth

SHARE THIS STORY

D'turn 15Feb14There were never any excuses from policymakers during the BabyBoomer-led SuperCycle from 1983 – 2007.  The Chairman of the US Federal Reserve, Alan Greenspan, came to be styled ‘The Maestro’.  Whilst the Governor of the Bank of England argued that his efforts had created the NICE decade of Non-Inflationary Constant Expansion.

Central bankers came to be seen as wise and far-sighted geniuses who had created the perfect economic world.

Today, of course, the flip side of the story is playing out.  The combination of longer life expectancy and lower fertility rates means the BabyBoom is now a distant memory.  Instead, the economy is inevitably slowing as the ageing Boomers reduce their spending and lead us into deflation.

In response, policymakers are suddenly very keen to find excuses for the failure of their policies.  It would be too embarrassing to simply accept the argument of the Demographic Scenario that it is demographics, not money-printing, that drives demand.  And after 5 years of practice, they are now very quick to offer new excuses for the non-arrival of the Recovery Scenario they continue to forecast so confidently.

Today, its the weather.

Those of us in the UK have seen this excuse before.  It was, after all, our railways who discovered one autumn that delays were due to “the wrong kind of leaves” falling on the track.  Thus it is no surprise to find new Fed Chairwoman Janet Yellen telling Congress last week:

We’ve had unseasonably cold temperatures that may be affecting economic activity”

Of course, it has been very cold in the US, and very wet in much of Europe.  But if a Recovery was really underway, US consumer data would simply be less strong, not weak as it is today.  Most economists, after all, expect the weather to cut just 0.3% off GDP growth.  Instead, it is clear that more important forces are at work:

  • US retail sales fell for a 2nd month in January, with online sales falling as well as those in stores
  • January’s jobs report showed the core Wealth Creator segment struggling to find work
  • Housing markets have never recovered since the downturn hit in 2008, despite major stimulus support
  • Industrial production fell, suggesting manufacturing output is slowing
  • And, of course, a large part of Q4’s GDP growth was due to inventory build, which now has to be sold

Of course, it is unfair to blame central banks for all the problems.  Common sense suggests that printing money cannot compensate for a lack of babies.  The real issue is the lack of leadership from politicians, who refuse to confront the issues created by today’s rapidly aging population.

Instead we have a set of predictable excuses about why their policies are failing.  It reminds the blog of being back at school, when pupils would try to excuse their failure to finish homework.  The only difference is that a child who suggested “the dog ate my homework” was put into detention – not rewarded with a key role in economic policy.

Across the other side of the world in China, however, things are beginning to change.  Politicians there have realised they have no choice.  They simply have to deal with the impact of these unprecedented demographic changes.  Thus its economic reports for January show the economy heading in a different direction:

  • Property transactions fell across the country – by 49% in Beijing and 31% in Shanghai
  • The country continues to export deflation, with producer prices down for the 22nd month
  • Auto sales growth slowed sharply, despite the seasonal boost from Lunar New Year
  • Smartphone sales fell 4%, as the ageing population means the market is going ex-growth
  • Luxury spending dropped 19% as the anti-corruption drive hit home

And, of course, total bank lending in January at Rmb 2.58tn showed no growth compared to January 2013’s Rmb 2.54tn lending.  Whilst total social financing actually fell $83bn/month in H2 2013 versus 2012.

The chemicals markets remains the best leading indicator that we have.  As the chart above shows, pricing for the benchmark products remains weak outside the US, particularly in China (red line).  This is confirming demand is very slow – yet seasonally this should be the period when consumers are running flat out to meet demand for the spring.  In Europe, for example, Nel Weddle reported for ICIS on Friday:

Demand for ethylene’s main derivative polyethylene (PE) has been described by a couple of players as “a disaster” and “not brilliant” and others simply say that they mirror that sentiment.”

Even more importantly, the Chinese market is failing to see any upturn after Lunar New Year.  Instead, local producers are cutting prices to move inventory.

The blog continues to believe these are all tremors, warning of an approaching earthquake whose epicentre will be China.  Following the enormous interest in its new Research Note, it will look in more detail at China’s position over the next 3 days.

Benchmark price movements since January 2013 and ICIS pricing comments are below, and Monitor chart above:
PTA China, red, down 19%. “Weak downstream demand and lower domestic prices”
Benzene Europe, green, down 6%. ”High costs are squeezing nylon chain margins, with several sources calling the situation desperate.”
Brent crude oil, blue, down 3%
Naphtha Europe, black, down 3%. “Demand remains sluggish and supply high”
HDPE USA export, orange, up 16%. “US producers were attempting to raise prices, while Chinese producers were dropping price offers this week in an effort to destock inventories”
US$: yen, brown, up 16%
S&P 500 stock market index, purple, up 25%

PREVIOUS POST

Adapting to the ageing baby boomers

14/02/2014

There were never any excuses from policymakers during the BabyBoomer-led SuperCy...

Learn more
NEXT POST

China's lending bubble could now lead to zero GDP growth

18/02/2014

There were never any excuses from policymakers during the BabyBoomer-led SuperCy...

Learn more
More posts
Ageing Perennials set to negate central bank stimulus as recession approaches
10/03/2019

The world’s best leading indicator for the global economy is still firmly signalling recession...

Read
BASF prepares its UK supply chain for Brexit
24/02/2019

BASF has been working with Ready for Brexit (the online platform I co-founded last year) as part of ...

Read
Companies and investors have just 30 working days left to prepare for a No Deal Brexit
17/02/2019

Companies across the UK and EU27 are suddenly realising there are now just 30 working days until the...

Read
The BoE’s pre-emptive strike is not without risk
12/02/2019

The Financial Times has kindly printed my letter below, arguing that it seems the default answer to ...

Read
Flexible working is key to reversing today’s collapse in fertility rates
27/01/2019

Women in most parts of the world are not having enough children to replace our population. This is o...

Read
No Deal Brexit remains UK law unless MPs reverse their previous votes
20/01/2019

“That couldn’t happen” are probably the 3 most dangerous words in the English lang...

Read
CEOs need new business models amid downturn
14/01/2019

Many indicators are now pointing towards a global downturn in the economy, along with paradigm shif...

Read
Chart of the Year – China’s shadow banking collapse means deflation may be round the corner
16/12/2018

Last year it was Bitcoin, in 2016 it was the near-doubling in US 10-year interest rates, and in 2015...

Read

Market Intelligence

ICIS provides market intelligence that help businesses in the energy, petrochemical and fertilizer industries.

Learn more

Analytics

Across the globe, ICIS consultants provide detailed analysis and forecasting for the petrochemical, energy and fertilizer markets.

Learn more

Specialist Services

Find out more about how our specialist consulting services, events, conferences and training courses can help your teams.

Learn more

ICIS Insight

From our news service to our thought-leadership content, ICIS experts bring you the latest news and insight, when you need it.

Learn more